Rosalind (As You Like It) - Wikipedia
These varyingly discuss Rosalind in relation to gender issues, romantic power, the long accepted opinion that Rosalind is the heroine not only in As You Like It, . Celia's silent presence at the couple's sessions highlights Celia's demotion in . In the play As You Like It by William Shakespeare, love portrays and Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. The relationship of Celia and Rosalind has a parallel, and, in a way a. As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in As You Like It follows its heroine Rosalind as she flees persecution in her uncle's court, accompanied by her cousin . Ganymede says that "he" will take Rosalind's place and that "he" and Orlando can act out their relationship.
Some have suggested two other minor debts. No copy of it in Quarto exists, for the play is mentioned by the printers of the First Folio among those which "are not formerly entered to other men. External evidence[ edit ] As You Like It was entered into the Register of the Stationers' Company on 4 August as a work which was "to be stayed", i. This evidence implies that the play was in existence in some shape or other before It seems likely this play was written aftersince Francis Meres did not mention it in his Palladis Tamia.
Although twelve plays are listed in Palladis Tamia, it was an incomplete inventory of Shakespeare's plays to that date The new Globe Theatre opened some time in the summer ofand tradition has it that the new playhouse's motto was Totus mundus agit histrionem—"all the Globe's a stage"—an echo of Jaques' famous line "All the world's a stage" II.
Internal evidence[ edit ] In Act III, vi, Phebe refers to the famous line "Whoever loved that loved not at first sight" taken from Marlowe's Hero and Leanderwhich was published in It is suggested in Michael Wood 's In Search of Shakespeare that the words of Touchstone, "When a man's verses cannot be understood, nor a man's good wit seconded with the forward child understanding, it strikes a man more dead than a great reckoning in a little room", allude to Marlowe's assassination.
According to the inquest into his death, Marlowe had been killed in a brawl following an argument over the "reckoning" of a bill in a room in a house in Deptfordowned by the widow Eleanor Bull in The posthumous publication of Hero and Leander would have revived interest in his work and the circumstances of his death.
These words in Act IV, i, in Rosalind's speech, "I will weep for nothing, like Diana in the fountain", may refer to an alabaster image of Diana which was set up in Cheapside in However, it should be remembered Diana is mentioned by Shakespeare in at least ten other plays, and is often depicted in myth and art as at her bath.
Certain anachronisms exist as well, such as the minor character Sir Oliver Martext's possible reference to the Marprelate Controversy which transpired between and On the basis of these references, it seems that As You Like It may have been composed in —, but it remains impossible to say with any certainty.
Analysis and criticism[ edit ] Rosalind by Robert Walker Macbeth Though the play is consistently one of Shakespeare's most frequently performed comedies, scholars have long disputed over its merits. Shaw liked to think that Shakespeare wrote the play as a mere crowdpleaserand signalled his own middling opinion of the work by calling it As You Like It — as if the playwright did not agree.
Tolstoy objected to the immorality of the characters and Touchstone's constant clowning. Other critics have found great literary value in the work. Harold Bloom has written that Rosalind is among Shakespeare's greatest and most fully realised female characters.
The elaborate gender reversals in the story are of particular interest to modern critics interested in gender studies. Through four acts of the play, Rosalind, who in Shakespeare's day would have been played by a boy, finds it necessary to disguise herself as a boy, whereupon the rustic Phebe, also played by a boy, becomes infatuated with this " Ganymede ", a name with homoerotic overtones. In fact, the epilogue, spoken by Rosalind to the audience, states rather explicitly that she or at least the actor playing her is not a woman.
In several scenes, "Ganymede" impersonates Rosalind' so a boy actor would have been playing a girl disguised as a boy impersonating a girl.As You Like It - Act 3, Scene 2 - Royal Shakespeare Company
Setting[ edit ] An etching of the Forest of Arden, created by John Macpherson for a series by Frederick Gard Fleay Arden is the name of a forest located close to Shakespeare's home town of Stratford-upon-Avonbut Shakespeare probably had in mind the French Arden Wood, featured in Orlando Innamoratoespecially since the two Orlando epics, Orlando Innamorato and Orlando Furiosohave other connections with the play. In the Orlando mythos, Arden Wood is the location of Merlin's Fountain, a magic fountain causing anyone who drinks from it to fall out of love.
The Oxford Shakespeare edition rationalises the confusion between the two Ardens by assuming that "Arden" is an anglicisation of the forested Ardennes region of France, where Lodge set his tale  and alters the spelling to reflect this.
Other editions keep Shakespeare's "Arden" spelling, since it can be argued that the pastoral mode depicts a fantastical world in which geographical details are irrelevant.
The Arden edition of Shakespeare makes the suggestion that the name "Arden" comes from a combination of the classical region of Arcadia and the biblical garden of Edenas there is a strong interplay of classical and Christian belief systems and philosophies within the play. Following the tradition of a romantic comedy, As You Like It is a tale of love manifested in its varied forms.
In many of the love-stories, it is love at first sight. This principle of "love at first sight" is seen in the love-stories of Rosalind and Orlando, Celia and Oliver, as well as Phebe and Ganymede. The love-story of Audrey and Touchstone is a parody of romantic love. Another form of love is between women, as in Rosalind and Celia's deep bond. The new Duke Frederick usurps his older brother Duke Senior, while Oliver parallels this behavior by treating his younger brother Orlando so ungenerously as to compel him to seek his fortune elsewhere.
Both Duke Senior and Orlando take refuge in the forest, where justice is restored "through nature. However, it ends happily with reconciliation and forgiveness. Duke Frederick is converted by a hermit and he restores the dukedom to Duke Senior who, in his turn, restores the forest to the deer.
Oliver also undergoes a change of heart and learns to love Orlando.
As You Like It - Wikipedia
Thus, the play ends on a note of rejoicing and merry-making. Rosalind and Celia in the forest with Touchstone. Most of the play is a celebration of life in the country. The inhabitants of Duke Frederick's court suffer the perils of arbitrary injustice and even threats of death; the courtiers who followed the old duke into forced exile in the "desert city" of the forest are, by contrast, experiencing liberty but at the expense of some easily borne discomfort.
A passage between Touchstone, the court jester, and shepherd Corin establishes the contentment to be found in country life, compared with the perfumed, mannered life at court. At the end of the play the usurping duke and the exiled courtier Jaques both elect to remain within the forest.
Music and songs[ edit ] As You Like It is known as a musical comedy because of the number of songs in the play.
Wintered garments must be lined; So must slender Rosalind 3. Touchstone ridicules the love that he perceives to be over dramatic and unnecessary and portrays love disgustingly and as a typical man.
Silvius and Phoebe were unable to harmonize their views of love in the beginning of the play. Silvius saw love as painful and perceived Phoebe as the murderer of his heart.
Phoebe is of course overwhelmed by the constant nagging of Silvius, but becomes blinded by the sweetness that is hidden behind. Phoebe is unable to see the person who truly loves her and is only able to see beyond that, see what she really wants, but will never get. Unfortunately, through much of the play Orlando and Rosalind do not interact as two people in love.
He sent me hither, stranger as I am, To tell this story, that you might excuse His broken promise, and to give this napkin Dyed in [his] blood unto the shepherd youth That he in sport doth call his Rosalind 4.
Although it is Ganymede that Orlando is asking forgiveness, Rosalind still could see the authenticity within Orlando.
Throughout the play, characters develop and stand by their beliefs on love. Some are comedic and some are genuine. Some are cynical and others are pure. Each attitude towards love leads each character to find their haven and happiness. For Touchstone he accepts the predictable world of marriage. For Celia, it was seeing her cousin truly happy and finding her true love, Oliver. For Orlando and Rosalind, it was the end of a ridiculous game that in the end reassured one another of the strength of their love and resulted in the unification of two soul mates.