10 Little-Known Facts About Cleopatra - HISTORY
Right after them, however, we may consider the relationship of Cleopatra and Caesar. Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 BCE to 31 BCE) and Gaius Julius Caesar (c. There were many reasons why Caesar and Marcus Antonius had a sexual relationship with Cleopatra. First, political relations between Rome. “So Cleopatra, taking only Apollodorus the Sicilian from among her friends, embarked in a little skiff and landed at the palace when it was already getting dark;.
Cleopatra believed herself to be a living goddess, and she often used clever stagecraft to woo potential allies and reinforce her divine status. A famous example of her flair for the dramatic came in 48 B. Caesar was dazzled by the sight of the young queen in her royal garb, and the two soon became allies and lovers.
Cleopatra later employed a similar bit of theater in her 41 B. When summoned to meet the Roman Triumvir in Tarsus, she is said to have arrived on a golden barge adorned with purple sails and rowed by oars made of silver.
Cleopatra had been made up to look like the goddess Aphrodite, and she sat beneath a gilded canopy while attendants dressed as cupids fanned her and burned sweet-smelling incense.
Antony—who considered himself the embodiment of the Greek god Dionysus—was instantly enchanted. Cleopatra joined Julius Caesar in Rome beginning in 46 B. Cleopatra was forced to flee Rome after Caesar was stabbed to death in the Roman senate in 44 B. Pothinus, the ever present guardian of Ptolemy XIII and the real power behind his throne, stirred the Alexandrian mob up against Caesar but Caesar was not easily frightened. He landed with a small force and made his way to the palace.
He insisted that Ptolemy and Cleopatra dismiss their armies and reminded Pothinus that the heirs of Ptolemy Auletes owed him talents a large sum of money. Pothinus resented any challenge to his authority he was acting chancellor and so controlled Egypt's finances and was openly insolent to Caesar - doing untold damage to the cause of his ward Ptolemy. Cleopatra was determined to make the most of Pothinus' miscalculation and managed to arrange a secret meeting with Caesar. Plutarch tells the famous tale of how Cleopatra was hidden in a role of carpet or sleeping bag depending on the translation which was unrolled to reveal her in all her glory.
However, it is suggested by some authorities that she was in fact simply veiled which is perhaps more likely. Whether it was the beauty of Cleopatrathe fact that she was a direct descendant of Alexander the Great, her courage or her charisma which charmed Caesar from this point or shortly after they became lovers. Caesar immediately reversed the decision of Pompey and reinstated Cleopatra as co-ruler with her brother.
When Ptolemy XIII arrived for a meeting with Caesar he found his sister relaxing on a couch in his chambers and flew into a fit of rage.
He burst out of the palace screaming that he had been betrayed and tried to rouse the Alexandrian mob against Caesar and Cleopatra. However, ever the great orator, Caesar calmed the crowd by producing the will of Ptolemy Auletes decreeing that the siblings should rule together and by naming their younger siblings Ptolemy XIV and Arsinoe as the rulers of Rhodes which Rome had recently recaptured. Returning Rhodes to the Egyptians was by no means a popular move with the Roman people, but it bought Caesar time, ensured the gratitude of Cleopatra and undermined the attempts of Pothinus and Ptolemy XIII to stir up rebellion.
Caesar held a banquet to celebrate their joint rule. However, while at this banquet a servant of Caesar discovered that Achillas and Pothinus were plotting against him.
Caesar had the banqueting hall surrounded by his troops and executed Pothinus. Ptolemy's general, Achillas, escaped and rallied Ptolemy's army recently returned from Pelusium and the Alexandrian Greeks who formed the town guard. His troops surrounded the palace but Caesar, mindful that he was seriously outnumbered, remained inside with Cleopatra holding Ptolemy XIII as hostage.
Caesar knew that reinforcements from Anatolia and the Levant were on their way to his aid, but he also knew that Achillas would try to stop them from disembarking so, as he mounted a desperate defence of the palace, he ordered that all of the ships in the harbour be set alight. The blaze spread to some of the warehouses on the shore and in the ensuing chaos Cleopatra's younger sister Arsinoe fled with her tutor Ganymedes.
Arsinoe joined forces with Achillas who proclaimed her Queen of Egypt, but she repaid his support by having him killed and replaced with Ganymedes when he disagreed with her decision to change tactics. While violent clashes continued in the streets Ganymedes arranged the poisoning of the water supply to the palace and set up road blocks to cut the palace off. Cleopatra, however, knew the locations of local water courses and new wells were quickly cut. Caesar decided to set Ptolemy free in the hope that in-fighting between him and Arsinoe would weaken them both.
Unfortunately they agreed to put their rivalries behind them to destroy Cleopatra and Caesar and this only emboldened the Alexandrian guard and Ptolemy's army. It must have seemed to Cleopatra that her luck had finally run out, but Caesar does not seem to have countenanced handing her over to her enemies to save his own skin.
This may have been due to his personal courage and his unwavering belief in his own martial abilities, but it is likely that his discovery that Cleopatra was pregnant with his son also played a large part in his determination.
Just when all appeared lost, the first of Caesar's reinforcements arrived and after a fierce battle they took the Great Lighthouse and the causeway linking it to the palace.
Cleopatra and son, Caesarion left Rome, where a civil war broke. Cleopatra then announced her son with Julius Caesar as a co-ruler and re-acquired rule of Egypt. This is when her rule was entirely secured locally, unlike the two previous co-regents.
Cleopatra and Mark Antony: Unlike Julius Caesar, he was from a prominent family since birth. His grandfather was a known public speaker while his father was a military man. He is well-educated, polishing skills like public speaking and objective questioning. He is known for both his positive and negative traits which were eminent from his youth. At the course of his career, he kept close to Julius Caesar. Mark Antony became an ally of Julius Caesar. It was also Julius Caesar who appointed him as a consul.
It is this status that spared his life after the assassination of Julius Caesar.
He then rose to power and hunted those who have assassinated Julius Caesar. Mark Antony also became part of the second Triumvirate. Cleopatra and Mark Antony are both connected to Julius Caesar. She is a former wife, and he is a loyal ally and friend. Cleopatra, on the other hand, might have found a sense of stability with him since he is becoming one of the most powerful in Rome. She found in him the opportunity to restore the old glory of her Ptolemaic decent.History vs. Cleopatra - Alex Gendler
Mark Antony possessed characteristics different from that of Julius Caesar but he is of the same political stature. The first supper impressed Mark Antony that he wanted to surpass such splendid preparation, but he miserably failed.
With his great humor, he managed to keep a good nature about it. After this, there were accounts which states that they spent holidays together cited in Cleopatra…, Cleopatra is able to charm Mark Antony by being at his side all the time.
Cleopatra - Wikipedia
Mark Antony married Cleopatra. Cleopatra is actually already the fourth wife to Mark Antony. Mark Antony then married Octavia Minor after having children with Cleopatra. He did this to claim a stronger hold of power in Rome.
During his flight to plot a war against Parthia, he was going to need the help of Egyptian army forces, not to mention money. This is when he arranged for a second meeting with Cleopatra. The initial meeting between Cleopatra and Mark Antony bore them with twins, Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene while the second meeting brought them their third child, Ptolemy Philadelphos Stritof, n.
These children are well provided for by their father, Mark Antony. They are given part of the land of Rome, including Cyprus, Crete and Syria, through their mother Lewis, This distribution, lead to an even wider gap between Octavian and Mark Antony.
The second Triumvirate is down to two, and then as Octavian wished to be the sole ruler of the Roman land, he declared war to the queen of Egypt. The battle between the two leading armies of Rome came to an end with Mark Antony on the losing end. He then fled to Alexandria with Cleopatra. As the forces closed in, he committed suicide.
Cleopatra also committed suicide. She, whom has captured the hearts of two great men, has left the name to equal beauty, seduction, love and femininity all in one. There are legacies that no other woman in the world has achieved.
Cleopatra left legacies that have made the past great, the present wondering and the future still searching. Cleopatra was a person who later considered the living representation of divine mother Isis. She was their living goddess Egyptology. Even during her brief stay in Rome, albeit the love for Julius Caesar, she was firm on her goddess stature and decent. In the years after, her goddess status has not faded.
Cleopatra and Julius Caesar
She became an immortal pharaoh of Egypt. Cleopatra also became an ultimate debate topic of historians and archeologists.
Her beauty is one legacy that will hold different views.