Hong Kong's democracy debate - BBC News
Under the Basic Law, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is exclusively in charge of its internal affairs and external relations, whilst the Government of the People's Republic of China. As debate in Hong Kong mounts over democracy and electoral reform, the BBC looks at how What is Hong Kong's relationship with China?. Despite being the world's most visited city, the most Googled question about Hong Kong regards what country it's actually in -- China, or no?.
Hong Kong's democracy debate
Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — Hong Kong teenage protest leader Joshua Wong ended his hunger strike after about five days on Saturday, December 6, on the advice of his doctor. Hide Caption 11 of Photos: Hide Caption 12 of Photos: Wong and two other student demonstrators have begun a hunger strike to demand discussions with Hong Kong's leaders over political reform for the city.
Hide Caption 13 of Photos: Hide Caption 14 of Photos: Hide Caption 15 of Photos: Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — A police officer clears umbrellas from the Lung Wo road tunnel after clashes between protesters and police on December 1. Hide Caption 16 of Photos: Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — A protester reacts after being hit by pepper spray on November Hide Caption 18 of Photos: Hide Caption 19 of Photos: Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — Pro-democracy protesters collide with police officers on the main road outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong on November Hide Caption 20 of Photos: Hide Caption 21 of Photos: Hide Caption 22 of Photos: Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — Policemen keep vigil as pro-democracy demonstrators gather on street parallel to where a protest site was cleared in the Mongkok district of Hong Kong on Friday, November Hide Caption 23 of Photos: Hide Caption 24 of Photos: Hong Kong unrest Hong Kong unrest — Police clash with protesters as they try to clear a major protest site on Tuesday, November Anti-parallel trading protests Sincethere have been a vertiginous increase in mainland parallel traders coming to the northern parts of Hong Kong to import goods and export them back to mainland.
Products that are popular among these traders include infant formula and household products. Up to now, each person is only allowed 2 cans, or 1.
Hong Kong citizens expressed concerns that the pregnant women and anchor babies put heavier burden on Hong Kong's medical system. Leung further underlined that those who did may not be able to secure the right of abode for their offspring in Hong Kong.
Foreign relations of Hong Kong - Wikipedia
China-Hong Kong football rivalry Inthe Chinese Football Association launched a series of posters relating to other Asian football teams. Among these, the poster relating to Hong Kong appeared to mock the multi-ethnic make-up of Hong Kong's football team. Pro-Beijing Federation of Trade Unions lawmaker Chan Yuen-han advised and assisted the boy and his grandmother to obtain a temporary ID and pleaded for compassion from the local community.
The boy eventually gave up and returned to his parents in mainland China.
The motion sought to defend local history and culture from the influence of mainland China. Supporters argued that mainlandisation leads to fakeness, rampant corruption and the abuse of power, while Hong Kong risked becoming another mainland city. Opponents of the motion, argued that motion was seeing different cultures with a narrow perspective and attempting to split the Chinese nation and create conflict. With issues of vandalism, disobeying the rules, freedom of speech, respecting different opinions and displaying hateful messages reaching the spotlight, as well similar incidents occurring in other Hong Kong universities 'Democracy walls' such as Education University of Hong Kong, University of Hong Kong, Polytechnic University of Hong Kong.
Rise of locals' awareness in self-identity[ edit ] The major significance is the rise of local awareness in self-identity. With reference to the survey conducted by a public opinion programme of the University of Hong Kong, the identity index of interviewees who regarded themselves as "Chinese" plummeted between the years of —, from approximately 7. The drop in sense of national identity is believed to be the result of the aforementioned conflicts.
Exacerbation of conflicts between local and mainlanders[ edit ] There are differences in culture and political backgrounds between those from Hong Kong and China. Hong Kong was ruled by the British based on the system of letters patent from the s towhereas China was under the control of the Chinese Communist Party from onwards.
Some Hong Kong people perceive mainlanders as rude, impolite, poorly educated. This further leads to locals' nonacceptance of mainlanders, especially when they travel in Hong Kong.
How Hong Kong remains distinct from China - CNN
Travelers from the mainland are growing in a tremendous number that their existence can influence the direction of government's policies. On the other hand, some Mainlanders view Hong Kong is acting like a spoiled, ungrateful child despite all the economic support it is getting from China. Hong Kong is increasingly viewed as a place of traitors, British lapdogs, nest of subversives within China, while pointing out Macau's relationship to China as a role model. The pan-democrats encourage young people who participated in the Occupy movement to register and vote in the district council poll.
Pitted against seasoned politicians, and with support only from friends and family, they are popularly known as "Umbrella Soldiers". Changing view of Hong Kong's development of democracy[ edit ] Due to recent tensions between Mainland and Hong Kong people, along with impact of the Umbrella Movement, different sectors of Hong Kong have shifted their view of Hong Kong's development of democracy.
- 'One country, two systems': How Hong Kong remains distinct from China
- Foreign relations of Hong Kong
- Hong Kong–Mainland China conflict
Traditionally, the pan-democratic camp campaigned for democracy in China and Hong Kong, however after the Umbrella movementwith the rise of localism, there were calls to make Hong Kong democratic first, then China or only focus on making Hong Kong democratic. Some Localist parties have taken the latter view of democracy, while others promote the notion of Hong Kong Independencebelieving that only when Hong Kong is Independent from Mainland China, real democracy can be established.