Christopher Columbus, Queen Isabella, King Ferdinand and Cordoba
Article about Christopher Columbus' true relationship with Cordoba and the complicated story behind his negotiations with Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support. A Spotlight on a Primary Source by Christopher Columbus. ✓ . Christians and inclined to love our King and Queen and Princes and all the people of Spain.". Christopher Columbus () was born in the Italian port city of Genoa. king to finance his plan, he went to Spain in and tried to interest Queen.
Nevertheless, Cordoba was undoubtedly an important way point in Columbus' long campaign to gain fame, fortune and aristocratic status by gaining royal backing and establishing a direct trade route with India a project which failed, but led to the discovery of America. What we can say is that he was attracted to Cordoba by two women: Of Columbus' first audience in with the Catholic Monarchs there is no written record. In March, Isabel had moved the court from Seville to Cordoba, where she could better direct the military campaign against the Moorish kingdom of Granada.
We know that the preliminary commission designated to check his calculations was not convinced, but Isabel and Ferdinand must have found the project tempting.
A new direct trade route with the East might compensate their losses of tribute from the Moors of Granada and their recent exclusion by treaty from West Africa. ByChristopher Columbus was living in Cordoba, perhaps because of his romantic liaison with Beatriz Enriquez de Harana, the soon-to-be mother of his son Hernandoand perhaps because of a need to be closer to the court.
Isabella I | queen of Spain | dubaiairporthotel.info
Columbus Finds a Sponsor The Lord purposed that there should be something clearly miraculous in this matter of the voyage to the Indies. I spent seven years here in your royal court discussing this subject with the leading persons in all learned arts, and their conclusion was that it was vain But afterwards it all turned out just as our redeemer Jesus Christ has said, and as he had spoken earlier by the mouth of his holy prophets.
As their ship neared its destination, it passed by a beautiful monastery located on a bluff overlooking the sea. This monastery, named La Rabida, soon became an extremely important sanctuary for Columbus.
It served as a home for Diego while Christopher was away promoting his plan Ferdinand It was here that Columbus was also befriended by influential and learned churchmen, such as Antonio de Mar-chena and Juan Perez, who were sympathetic and helpful to him in his inspired cause Morison 1: And equally important, La Rabida became a spiritual refuge for Christopher himself. His chief motive was one of the oldest and most powerful of all: Columbus was a complex individual and, no doubt, had multiple motives for what he did.
After all, people rarely have only one motive for the things that they do in life. He once wrote the following to Amerigo Vespucci the explorer for whom America is named: Many of the books that Columbus read and annotated addressed this theme. He read there that the earth, as we know it, would have a lifespan of 7, years: He then concluded that a little more than a century and a half remained before the end of the world.
This deduction gave him a sense of great urgency because he had read in the Bible that Christianity would need to be taken to all nations, kindreds, and tongues before the end of the world. The fact that Christopher was obsessed with the final conversion of all the world before the Second Coming of the Savior is reflected in his repeated attention to John In his two letters to Columbus, Paolo Toscanelli spoke of the importance of spreading Christianity.
Isabella I of Castile: The Queen that Sponsored Columbus
Contemporary accounts of Columbus spoke matter-of-factly of his going to the Indies to carry the message of Christ to the inhabitants of the lands he encountered. While Columbus did not have access to the fulness of the Restored Gospel, his efforts, nevertheless, would result in the reintroduction of Christianity to the descendants of Lehi then living in the Americas.
This missionary effort, as we know, helped prepare the way for eventual acceptance of the fulness of the gospel after it was restored in the latter days. She lived a relaxed lifestyle, but she rarely left Segovia since King Henry forbade this.
Her half-brother was keeping her from the political turmoils going on in the kingdom, though Isabella had full knowledge of what was going on and of her role in the feuds. They even went so far as to ask Alfonso to seize the throne.
The nobles, now in control of Alfonso and claiming that he was the true heir, clashed with King Henry's forces at the Second Battle of Olmedo in The battle was a draw. King Henry agreed to recognize Alfonso as his heir presumptive, provided that he would marry his daughter, Princess Joanna la Beltraneja.
Years In Spain: Columbus Finds a Sponsor
The nobles who had supported him suspected poisoning. As she had been named in her brother's will as his successor, the nobles asked Isabella to take his place as champion of the rebellion.
However, support for the rebels had begun to wane, and Isabella preferred a negotiated settlement to continuing the war. Marriage[ edit ] The question of Isabella's marriage was not a new one. At that time, the two kings, Henry and John, were eager to show their mutual love and confidence and they believed that this double alliance would make their eternal friendship obvious to the world.
The wedding portrait of Ferdinand and Isabella, c. Ferdinand's uncle Alfonso V of Aragon died in John now had a stronger position than ever before and no longer needed the security of Henry's friendship. Henry was now in need of a new alliance. He saw the chance for this much needed new friendship in Charles of VianaJohn's elder son. A major part of the alliance was that a marriage was to be arranged between Charles and Isabella. When John II learned of this arranged marriage he was outraged.
Isabella had been intended for his favourite younger son, Ferdinand, and in his eyes this alliance was still valid. John II had his son Charles thrown in prison on charges of plotting against his father's life; Charles died in Through the medium of the Queen and Count of Ledesma, a Portuguese alliance was made. Henry now needed a quick way to please the rebels of the kingdom.
Seeing no alternative, Henry agreed to the marriage. Isabella was aghast and prayed to God that the marriage would not come to pass. There was talk of a marriage to Edward IV of England or to one of his brothers, probably Richard, Duke of Gloucester but this alliance was never seriously considered.
Going against his promises made in September, Henry tried to make the marriage a reality. Isabella once again refused the proposal.
Ferdinand, on the other hand, crossed Castile in secret disguised as a servant. They were married immediately upon reuniting, on 19 Octoberin the Palacio de los Vivero in the city of Valladolid. Together, they wanted to reduce the power of the nobility and increase the power of the crown, which they accomplished. They reorganized the system of government and administration, centralizing powers previously held by the nobles; reformed the system of citizen security and carried out an economic reform to reduce the debt that the kingdom had inherited from his stepbrother and predecessor on the throne.
This union is regarded by Spanish nationalists as the birth of Spain. Isabella's reign got off to a rocky start. Because her brother had named Isabella as his successor, when she ascended to the throne inthere were already several plots against her. Here he married the young Joanna. The war went back and forth for almost a year until 1 Marchwhen the Battle of Toro took place, a battle in which both sides claimed victory   and celebrated   the victory: But despite its uncertain   outcome, the Battle of Toro represented a great political victory     for the Catholic Monarchsassuring them the throne since the supporters of Joanna la Beltraneja disbanded and the Portuguese army, without allies, left Castile.
As summarised by the historian Justo L. Both armies faced each other at the camps of Toro resulting in an indecisive battle. But while the Portuguese King reorganised his troops, Ferdinand sent news to all the cities of Castile and to several foreign kingdoms informing them about a huge victory where the Portuguese were crushed.
Faced with these news, the party of "la Beltraneja" [Joanna] was dissolved and the Portuguese were forced to return to their kingdom. That was equivalent to legitimising Isabella's own throne. A rebellion broke out in Segovia, and Isabella rode out to suppress it, as her husband Ferdinand was off fighting at the time.