Hebrews - Wikipedia
The Zohar is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish mystical thought known as .. Nonetheless, many accepted that some of its contents had meaning for .. It is also the concept of God's Name - it is His relationship and presence in . Hebrews is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible. While the term was The translation of "Hebrew" is used also in the Kurdish language and was once used also in French. With the revival of the Contents. 1 Etymology; 2 Use as synonym for "Israelites"; 3 Use as synonym for "Jews". Use in. The Jewish relationship with God is a covenant relationship. much by the intellectual content of their beliefs, but by the way they live their faith.
Instead of deflecting it, the struggle between the rejecting Masach and the striking Light creates a powerful bond. This collision is what the relationship between the Light and letters is based on.
In this way, the black lines of the letters limit the Light or restrict it. It turns out that the only way to learn anything about the Creator is by stopping His Light—restricting it and studying it. Ironically, it is precisely when you contain the Creator that you learn how to be as free as Him. In a sense, the Masach is like a prism: Letters and Worlds Hebrew consists of 22 letters. The first nine letters, Aleph through Tet, represent the lower part of Bina.
If you look at the illustration below, you will see that they are not new letters; they bear the same names as letters in the original There is a good reason for that. This is why the only way you can know the Creator is by first rejecting all His Light. Then you can decide what you want to do with it.
Because the original 22 letters are in the world closest to the Creator, they describe a corrected connection between creation and Creator. Because there are five phases in creation, there must be five final forms of contact between Atzilut and BYA, hence the five final letters. A blessing is received when Malchut creation, us can connect to Bina Creator. Ones, Tens, Hundreds, and Beyond Letters are divided into three numerical categories: The Bina level corresponds to ones: These are the nine 1—9 Sefirot of Bina.
The ZA level corresponds to tens: These are the nine 10—90 Sefirot of ZA.
Zohar - Wikipedia
The Malchut level corresponds to hundreds: Kof, Reish, Shin, Tav. These are the four — Sefirot of Malchut. The obvious question comes to mind: The answer is that Hebrew is a spiritual language, not a math language. In other words, with these 22 letters, you can describe everything from the beginning of creation to infinity. So what happens when you want to express complicated numbers, like ? You use three letters: ReishMem 40and Het 8.
And what if you want to write a higher number thanlike ? You use more than three letters: Of course, we can reach this number using many different combinations, but it is important to remember that if two words add up to the same number, they are spiritual synonyms and have the same spiritual meaning.
When numbers represent the size of your Kli, the bigger they are, the more Light enters them. If there are only ones in your desire, that is, if you have a small desire, a small amount of Light is present. If tens are added and your desire grows, more Light enters. If hundreds are added and your desire reaches its peak, the Light symbolized by the letters fills your spiritual Kelim.
In fact, as 2 Thessalonians 2: So, it seems unlikely that he would have failed to identify himself had he written Hebrews. Second, the book of Hebrews emphasizes subjects that don't receive much, if any, attention in Paul's letters. For instance, the author of Hebrews mentioned Melchizedek three times.
He drew attention to the Old Testament tabernacle. And he dealt at length with Christ as the high priest. Taken together, these themes distinguish the book of Hebrews from books that we know were written by Paul. Third, the strongest reason for doubting Pauline authorship is the way the writer of Hebrews distanced himself from the first generation of Jesus' followers.
Listen to the words of Hebrews 2: This salvation, which was first announced by the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard him Hebrews 2: Notice here that the author of Hebrews mentioned how salvation was "first announced by the Lord" — in other words, by Jesus himself — and "was confirmed to us by those who heard him. The author's admission that he received his Christian faith secondarily contrasts with passages like Galatians 1: The short answer to the question, "Who wrote the book of Hebrews?
We have some clues as to who he was. Down throughout church history there have been numerous answers as to that question. So, for many years the church thought Paul had written it.
I think probably Paul didn't write it because there are differences between Hebrews and Paul's letters. For instance, Paul often… will always identify himself and then speak to the addressees of the letter.
Hebrews doesn't do that. There are themes in Hebrews like Christ as the High Priest that just don't feature very much in Paul's letters. So, Paul's probably not the writer. And yet, we just don't know. I think the most we can say is that the writer of Hebrews was a second-generation believer. In chapter 2 he refers to those who heard from Christ and then handed on what they had heard from Christ, so he seems to be putting himself in that second generation.
Witmer] We've explored the authorship of the book of Hebrews and seen that the author's identity remains unknown. But we can still construct something of a profile for the author. Profile For the sake of time, we'll point out just two rather obvious features of the author's life. In the first place, the author of Hebrews was a Hellenistic Jew. Most scholars today agree that Paul did not write Hebrews.
In the end, though, it's best to conclude with Origen that only God really knows. Hebrews' authorship has been debated throughout the years, but this shouldn't prevent us from learning as much as we can about the author and his character from clues found in the text. We can see from the text that both Jewish and Hellenistic influences shaped the author and his book.
The author's strong Jewish heritage is evident in his knowledge of the Old Testament. In fact, he quoted the Old Testament at least 31 times in his 13 chapters. It would also appear that the author had a strong Hellenistic upbringing. In the past, interpreters pointed to the author's use of the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, as evidence that he was a Hellenistic Jew.
In the second half of the last century, however, research into the Dead Sea Scrolls has revealed that quotations initially assumed to be directly from the Septuagint, could have come from non-traditional Hebrew texts. For this reason, we can't be certain that the author of Hebrews used the Septuagint. But despite this discovery, we can still be confident that the author of Hebrews was Hellenistic. His sophisticated Greek offers strong evidence of a Hellenistic upbringing.
And his vocabulary and style give evidence of a mastery of the language that even surpasses the writings of Luke.
Not only was the author of Hebrews a Hellenistic Jew, but we can also add to our profile that he was a passionate intellectual. Interpreters widely acknowledge that the author of Hebrews was an intellectual. The lectures in this section mainly explain the words of the Sifra diTzni'uta, in a similar manner as the Gemara explains the Mishnah. As it is told, these students filled up with Godly light and therefore journeyed to the eternal world after their deaths.
The remaining students saw their friends being carried away by angels. Rabbi Shimon said some words and they were calmed. He shouted out, "Perhaps, God forbid, a decree has been passed upon us to be punished, for through us has been revealed that which has not been revealed since the time Moshe stood on Mount Sinai!
For it has been revealed to you that which has not been revealed to all the upper hosts. In the Idra Zuta, Rashbi's colleagues convene again, this time seven in number, after the three mentioned above died.
In the Idra Zuta the Chevraya Kadisha are privileged to hear teachings from Rashbi that conclude the words that were explained in the Idra Rabba.
The Ties between Letters, Words, and Numbers
In this assembly of Holy Friends, which took place in the Beit Midrash of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, secrets of and revelations on mitzvot of the Torah are explained and clarified — roots and deep meanings of mitzvot. Since it deals with mitzvot, from Ra'aya Meheimna it is possible to learn very much about the ways of the halakhic rulings of the Rabbis.
Part of it is known and even printed on separate pages, and part of it is weaved into the body of the Zohar. Ra'aya Meiheimna is found in Vols. Several great rabbis and sages have tried to find the Ra'aya Meheimna, which originally is a vast book on all the mitzvotand arrange it according to the order of positive commandments and negative commandments, and even print it as a book on its own.
Regarding the importance of Ra'aya Meheimna, Rabbi Moshe Cordovero said, "Know that this book, which is called Ra'aya Meheimna, which Rashbi made with the tzadikim who are in Gan Eden, was a repair of the Shekhinah, and an aid and support for it in the exile, for there is no aid or support for the Shekhinah besides the secrets of the Torah And everything that he says here of the secrets and the concepts—it is all with the intention of unifying the Shekhinah and aiding it during the exile.
According to Ramazit is fit to be called Midrash haNe'elam because "its topic is mostly the neshamah an upper level of soulthe source of which is in Beri'ahwhich is the place of the upper Gan Eden ; and it is written in the Pardes that drash is in Beri'ah And this derush is founded on the neshamah; its name befits it — Midrash haNe'elam.
Unlike the body of the Zohar, its drashas are short and not long. Also, the topics it discusses — the work of Creation, the nature the soul, the days of Mashiach, and Olam Haba — are not of the type found in the Zohar, which are the nature of God, the emanation of worlds, the "forces" of evil, and more. Heikhalot "Palaces" deals in describing the palaces of Gan Edenand Gehinomand contains many matters related to prayer. It is found in the Zohar Vol. Raza deRazin "Secret of Secrets" deals with revealing the essence of a man via the features of his face and hands.
Saba deMishpatim "The Elder on Statutes" is the commentary of Rav Yiba Saba regarding transmigration of souls, and punishments of the body in the grave. Tosefta are paragraphs containing the beginnings of chapters on the wisdom of the Kabbalah of the Zohar, and it is dispersed in all three volumes of the Zohar.
Sitrei Torah are drashas of verses from the Torah regarding matters of the soul and the secret of Divinity, and they are dispersed in the Zohar Vol. CEmany more manuscripts were found that included paragraphs pertaining to the Zohar in their content and had not been included in printed editions.
The manuscripts pertained also to all parts of the Zohar; some were similar to Zohar on the Torah, some were similar to the inner parts of the Zohar Midrash haNe'elam, Sitrei Otiyot and moreand some pertained to Tikunei haZohar. Some thirty years after the first edition of the Zohar was printed, the manuscripts were gathered and arranged according to the parashas of the Torah and the megillot apparently the arrangement was done by the Kabbalist, Rabbi Avraham haLevi of Tsfatand were printed first in Salonika in Jewish year ?
Tzav, Acharei, Behar; on chumash Bamidbar: Chukat, Balak, Matot; on chumash Devarim: Va'etchanan, Ki Tetze, Ki Tavo.
Marriage Definition and Meaning - Bible Dictionary
Afterwards follows the midrashim — Midrash haNe'elam on the megillot: Shir haShirim, Ruth, and Eikhah. Tikunei haZohar Tikunei haZohar, which was printed as a separate book, includes seventy commentaries called "Tikunim" lit. Repairs and an additional eleven Tikkunim. In some editions, Tikunim are printed that were already printed in the Zohar Chadash, which in their content and style also pertain to Tikunei haZohar.
And all this is in the way of Sodin commentaries that reveal the hidden and mystical aspects of the Torah. Tikunei haZohar and Ra'aya Meheimna are similar in style, language, and concepts, and are different from the rest of the Zohar. For example, the idea of the Four Worlds is found in Tikunei haZohar and Ra'aya Meheimna but not elsewhere, as is true of the very use of the term "Kabbalah". This refers to the main body of the Zohar. However, aside from the parts of the Zohar mentioned above, in the Zohar are mentioned tens of earlier sources that Rashbi and his Chevraya Kadisha had, and they were apparently the foundation of the Kabbalistic tradition of the Zohar.
In the Jewish view this indicates more, that the teaching of the Sod in the book of the Zohar was not invented in the Tannaic period, but rather it is a tradition from ancient times that Rashbi and his Chevraya Kadisha used and upon which they built and founded their Kabbalah, and also that its roots are in the Torah that was given by Hashem to Moshe on Sinai. Rabbinic view[ edit ] According to the Zohar, the moral perfection of man influences the ideal world of the Sefirot ; for although the Sefirot accept everything from the Ein Sof Heb.
The dew that vivifies the universe flows from the just. The simple, literal meaning of the text: Remez The rabbinic comparison through sermon or illustration and metaphor: These polarities must be conjoined have yihud, "union" to maintain the harmony of the cosmos. Idel characterizes this metaphysical point of view as "ditheism", holding that there are two aspects to God, and the process of union as "theoeroticism".
This ditheism, the dynamics it entails, and its reverberations within creation is arguably the central interest of the Zohar, making up a huge proportion of its discourse pp.
Mention should also be made of the work of Elliot Wolfson Professor of Jewish Mysticism, New York Universitywho has almost single-handedly challenged the conventional view, which is affirmed by Idel as well.