This is emphasized by the fact that Keating must consult with Roark each For this reason, the relationship between Howard and Dominique. This was the action she wanted and Howard Roark knew it." .. Wynand has learnt the truth about Dominique's relationship to him and Roark. . As I see it, the only assumption I made was that Dominique Francon would not. So, she's passionately in love with Howard Roark and yet she fights him in Basically, the essence of Dominique Francon is that she is a passionate idealist. .. to discover this, you know, fundamental similarity and fundamental connection .
So, she does what she can to send clients to Peter Keating and to stop Roark from getting them. Peter Keating in her view is what the world deserves. So, she boosts his career, she tries to stop Roark.
Dominique Francon Quotes
Over time, she starts to see that Roark is getting clients anyway. He has—he builds the Enright House. He gets the Cord Building; he gets the job for the Aquitania Hotel.
Maybe even though the world is the way it is, maybe there is a chance for greatness to succeed. And this is what sets Ellsworth Toohey off on his plan with the Stoddard Temple. And he basically concocts this scheme with the goal both of destroying Roark and trying to stop Roark in his career and destroying Dominique and destroying her idealism.
So, he concocts the scheme for the Stoddard Temple and, as far as Toohey is concerned, it works. The outcome of the Stoddard Temple lawsuit reaffirms for her everything that she originally thought. That greatness is doomed in the world, that people like Ellsworth Toohey are the representatives of the world.
What's with Dominique Francon?
They are the ones who, you know, who make the world the way it is and they are never going to let true greatness exist in the world. Well, she tells us why she marries Peter Keating. She explains it in detail to Howard Roark. I will have destroyed myself first. She would rather bring suffering upon herself.
Marry, you know, the worst person in the world, rather than seeing Roark destroyed by the world. And since I must be alive in order to know that you are, I will live in the world as it is, in the manner of life it demands. Not halfway, but completely. Not pleading and running from it, but walking out to meet it, beating it the pain and the ugliness. Being first to choose the worst it can do to me.
Not as the wife to some half decent human being, but as the wife of Peter Keating. She would rather destroy herself then see him destroyed by the world. And this she thinks; now this is real spiritual self-abasement. Now this is really going to work. So, she agrees to it. Now, remember what she expects to find in meeting Gail Wynand. This is what she expects to find when she goes to meet Gail Wynand.
Now, Wynand proposes to her. He wants to marry her and—but he understands her motivation. You wish to grant me nothing. I know all that. I accept it and I want you to marry me. If you wish to commit an unspeakable act as your revenge against the world, such an act is not to sell yourself to your enemy, but to marry him. Not to match your worst against his worst, but your worst against his best.
The fact that he has the understanding and the judgment to be able to recognize what her motives are and, you know, to speak to her in the way that he does. He conveys this greatness of soul, this independent spirit. And thinking about this, it almost would defeat her purpose if her purpose is to—is spiritual self-abasement to marry the worst kind of person that she can find.
The nobility and greatness of soul that he displays would almost make him unsuitable to her purpose. But, then she remembers the Stoddard Temple. She remembers that no matter how great he comes across, no matter how great he is, no matter what greatness there is within him, nevertheless he is still the publisher of The New York Banner.
He is still the force that was responsible for what happened with the Stoddard Temple. So, nevertheless, despite what she sees in him, she agrees to marry him for the same reason that she marries Peter Keating, to take her revenge upon the world and as an act of self-abasement.
He still, never—no matter how, no matter how, what kind of connection they share and what sort of values they share, he still, nevertheless, in who he is in the world represents the worse that the world has to offer. Cortlandt Homes So, what does Dominique need in order to free herself from this basic conflict? Well, basically she needs to come to understand that this basic pessimism, this fundamental all encompassing pessimism that she has about the world is mistaken.
She has to overcome this error in her thinking. And, you know, basically through seeing Roark struggle in the world and seeing that he succeeds in spite of everything, and seeing his attitude toward the world. This is what helps her to realize her error and to overcome it. Roark is basically untouched by the world. He wants to do his work his way. This is the state that Dominique has to be able to achieve and by the end of the novel she has achieved this state.
Roark comes to her and asks her to help him with his plan to blow up Courtland Homes and she agrees to do it. She can accept that. Only down to a certain point. The pain only goes down to a certain point. And this is the state that Dominique has finally reached.
And he wants Dominique to remain with Wynand so that the two of them can help each other if he ends up going to jail.
On Sexuality and Ownership: Howard Roark and Dominique Francon in Part II of the Fountainhead «
So, he basically—Roark basically engineers her participation in order to ensure that that happens. If she, you know, she was present at the dynamiting.
Gail Wynand is fighting for Roark. If it comes out that, you know, she and Roark are together, you know, this would make his motive clear and it would make it more likely that he would be convicted. So, he basically sets her up to have to remain with Wynand to keep—to have to keep their relationship quiet in order to protect her and to protect himself. So, she fights with Gail Wynand. You know, she goes back to work in The Banner and, you know, The Banner wages its campaign to try to defend Roark, which ends in utter failure.
And in the end, Wynand caves in. That if even, you know, Gail Wynand, if even the force that was The New York Banner is powerless in the world, that just affirms more fully, you know, that the world as it is is not a threat.
I can love it now. I have seen the life of Gail Wynand and now I know. One cannot hate the Earth in their name. The Earth is beautiful and it is a background, but not theirs. He is the true master of the Earth and the man who can shape it to his purposes and create buildings of beauty.
And the fact that he is acquitted in the trial, you know, just seals the issue and underscores, you know, the theme of the story which is that greatness does have a chance to succeed in the world and, you know, the story ends with Dominique and Howard Roark together. Now, this scene is very controversial because many people interpret this as an act of rape.
Now, Ayn Rand was unequivocal that this scene was not intended to be interpreted as an act of rape. And her view was that she put enough evidence in the characters. You know, the character of Roark and the character of Dominique and enough, you know, facts and things that happen in their interaction. And he only comes to her because he knows that she wants him. We know that she is torn by this fundamental conflict.
She resists having any values, having any desires. She has no response whatsoever. But, then she sees Howard Roark in the quarry. She sees him, you know, doing a labors work in the quarry.
The planes of his gaunt hollow cheeks, the cold, pure brilliance of the eyes that had no trace of pity. She knew it was the most beautiful face she would ever see because it was the abstraction of strength made visible. She felt a convulsion of anger, of protest, of resistance, and of pleasure. He stood looking up at her. It was not a glance, but an act of ownership. She thought she must let her face give him the answer he deserved, but she was looking instead at the stone dust on his burned arms, the wet shirt clinging to his ribs, the lines of his long legs.
He is a brilliant thinker and he acts on his thinking. He is not a hypocrite. Further, Roark is a selfish man, in the positive sense that Ayn Rand means this. He is true to his values, to his convictions, to his thinking, to his mind, to his self.
When the board of the Manhattan Bank Building wants to alter his design, Roark rejects the proposal for the new design, calling his behavior "the most selfish thing you've ever seen a man do. He must think independently, he must judge, he must form values and he must act in pursuit of those values.
He must never sacrifice them.
This is exactly what Roark does: The integrity of his design is far more important to him than the money or recognition that will accrue from the commission. In remaining true to his values and judgment, Roark is true to the deepest core of his self. This is selfishness in its highest and best sense.
An important moral question that Ayn Rand seeks to answer in Roark's character concerns the relationship between the moral and the practical. Many people in real life — as well as Gail Wynand and Dominique Francon in the novel — believe that practical success requires a betrayal of an individual's moral principles.
Dominique Francon Quotes (50 quotes)
It is often said that to succeed one must "play the game," or conform to the practices of one's company or profession even if one finds them unethical. To hold to one's scruples, according to this way of thinking, results only in loss of job or income, in a failure of some form.Dominique Francon Vs Dagny Taggart
But in The Fountainhead, Ayn Rand builds a convincing argument that this cynical view is false. Howard Roark, she shows, is both a moral man and a practical man.
His strength of character is demonstrated throughout the story. He is fully committed to the artistic integrity of every one of his designs, and he takes a laborer's job in a granite quarry rather than compromise on the smallest detail of his building.
Integrity means conscientious commitment, in action, to the principles held by your own mind — and Roark exemplifies this virtue consistently, including when faced with destitution. Further, he is also a practical man. Roark, above all other characters in the novel, is a can-do giant of supreme competence. He excels at every aspect of building — from design to construction — and by the novel's end, he has achieved a significant commercial success. He is now established, on his own terms, in the field of architecture.
That Roark is both a moral and a practical individual should be clear. But the most original aspect of Ayn Rand's presentation of Roark is that he is practical because he is moral, that these two qualities exist in a causal relationship.
Roark's moral stature is based on his commitment to his own mind regarding all issues of his life. He must be a thinker to grow food, build houses, manufacture clothes, and perform the other creative actions necessary to prosper on earth. But the mind is an attribute of the individual; just as there is no group stomach to digest for men collectively, so there is no group mind to perform collective thinking.
Each man must accept responsibility for his own thinking and his own survival; each must be sovereign in living by his own most conscientious judgment. If a man sincerely — in his most scrupulously honest judgment — believes a claim to be true, then he must hold to this belief even though all of society opposes him. To be a thinker means to go by the factual evidence of a case, not by the judgment of others. To be a thinker means that if a man recognizes the perfection of an architectural design, he must not compromise it merely because others oppose him.
Such willingness to live by his own thinking is independence and integrity — this is virtue.
- On Sexuality and Ownership: Howard Roark and Dominique Francon in Part II of the Fountainhead
- The Fountainhead
When Roark stands by the integrity of his designs, he stands by his mind. This is what makes him a moral and a practical man.