Drona - Wikipedia
a high degree of acceptance for their advice on part of Mentee. The above case clearly examined the importance of respect in mentoring relationship. right mentor is very important in the corporate world as Arjun selected Drona as a mentor. Karna, by then, challenges Arjuna for a duel for the championship. On advice of Dronacharya, Arjuna refuses to engage in a duel with a person born in low caste . Drona's main part in the Mahabharata occurs when the Pandavas counselor and protector), her relationship with Arjuna was more complex.
This shows that loyalty to another person can lead even a great man to a tragic end. Dharma, and the call of God, must always be greater than loyalty to another.
Karna knew what he was doing was wrong and paid the price for it. Karna put loyalty to Duryodhan as his highest loyalty. His tragic story warns us to choose loyalties wisely. Only Krishna deserves such unflinching loyalty. Bhishma Bhishma was another person who never performed a selfish action in his whole life. He was mighty, learned and respected.
But he too ended up fighting on the side of adharma, and came to a tragic end. He was actually an impediment to the establishment of a righteous kingdom. Because he put his personal oath on a pedestal and made it the focus and obsession of his life.
Why did Krishna choose Arjuna instead of Karna,Drona or Bhishma ?
That oath was that he would unquestioningly follow and do the bidding of whoever was the king of Hastinapur Delhi.
This vow, he would never break as long as he lived, even when it involved fighting his own beloved nephews who he knew had done nothing wrong. Sticking to a vow is important, especially today when people make promises and break them the very next day or even the very next second.
But the Mahabharata demonstrates that if your attachment to a personal vow stops you from doing what is blatantly right, and ends up making you serve evil, such a vow should be discarded and set aside. Bhishma put his personal vow above anything else, even when that vow became an instrument of evil.
Drona Drona was an employee of the king of Hastinapur, who happened to be Dhitirashtra, the father of Duryodhana. The name has Proto-Indo-European origins, and is related to English tray. Bharadwaja rishi went with his companions to the Ganga River to perform his ablutions. There he was beheld by the beauty of a beautiful apsara called Ghritachi who had come there to bathe. The sage was overcome by desire, which caused him to produce semen involuntarily out of the visual excitation.
Like Drona himself, Kripi and her brother had not been gestated in a womb, but outside the human body. However, by the time he was approached by Drona, Parasurama only had his weapons left to give away. Remembering a childhood promise given by Drupadahe decided to approach him to ask for help. However, King Drupada refused to even acknowledge their friendship, saying friendship was possible only between persons of equal stature in life. He uproots his family and begins wandering Northern India.
While at Hastinapurhe comes across the Kuru princes at play, and is able to use his abilities to help the princes solve some of their problems. Amazed, the princes go to their patriarch Bhisma with news of this magician. Bhishma instantly realized that this was Drona, and asked him to become the Guru of the Kuru princes, training them in advanced military arts. Many princes came to study under him. Arjuna, the favourite pupil[ edit ] The test of Dronacharya Of all the Kaurava and Pandava brothers training under Drona, Arjuna emerged as the most dedicated, hard-working and most naturally talented of them all, exceeding even Drona's own son Ashwatthama.
Arjuna assiduously served his teacher, who was greatly impressed by his devoted pupil. Arjuna surpassed Drona's expectations in numerous challenges. When Arjuna, inspired by his brother Bhima's nocturnal eating, mastered archery in absolute darkness, Drona was moved. Drona was greatly impressed by Arjuna's concentration, determination, and drive, and promised him that he would become the greatest archer on earth.
Drona gave Arjuna special knowledge of the divine Astras. Drona dearly loved his son Ashwatthama and as a guru, he loved Arjuna more than anyone. Treatment of Ekalavya[ edit ] Ekalavya[ edit ] A strong criticism of Dronacharya springs from his behavior towards Ekalavya and his strong bias in favor of Arjuna. Ekalavya began study and practice by himself, having fashioned a clay image of Dronacharya.
Solely by his determination, Ekalavya became a warrior of exceptional prowess. One day, kuru princes' dog's barking disturbed a focused Ekalavya.0797 KRISHNA STORY -- MAHABHARAT -- ARJUN AND KRISHNA ATTACKED BY DRONA!
Without looking, Ekalavya fired arrows that sealed up the dog's mouth without spilling any blood of dog or causing any injury to the dog.
The Kuru princes saw this dog running back to them, and wondered who could have done such a feat. They saw Ekalavya, who announced himself as a pupil of Drona. Every person saw his skill in shutting the dog's mouth. But Drona had given promise that Arjun will be the greatest archer ever in the world,so he demanded Eklavya his right hand thumb as fee of being teacher.
Revenge upon Drupada[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message On completing their training, Dronacharya asked all his students as guru dakshina to capture Drupada and bring him to him, after getting on their floats and equipping themselves.
All of his students manage to capture Drupada along with his counselors and bring them in front of Drona. Dronacharya took half of Drupada's kingdom, thus becoming his equal.
He forgave Drupada for his misdeeds, but Drupada desired revenge. The Bhagavad Gita records the Lord comforting and guiding a mortal who is facing a terrible moral crisis, and is an important scripture in Hinduism. After completing his education in military science from preceptor Drona, Arjuna set forth to north and north west, to proclaim his skills as the greatest bowman in the world.
Arjuna's Pilgrimage Arjuna reached the source of river Ganga traveled along the Gangatic plain to reach the eastern ocean near Vanga and Kalinga, then traveled south along the coast and back up the western shore to Prabhasa near Dwaraka where he fell in love with Subhadra, the sister of Vasudeva Krishna.
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At Manipura, he met princess Chitrangata. He beget a son named Iravat upon Ulupi and another son named Vabhruvahana upon Chitrangata. Subhadra's son Abhimanyu was Arjuna's most dearest son. Arjuna's Military Expedition to North for Rajasuya Arjuna mounted a military expedition to collect tribute from northern kings for the Rajasuya sacrifice of King Yudhisthira, his elder brother. On this expedition, he allied with the powerful king Bhagadatta, a former friend of Arjuna's father Pandu.
He camped at Devaprastha, the city of Senavindu after defeating it. He then defeated king Viswagaswa and Paurava.
He then marched against the seven tribes of Utsava sanketa. He defeated the kingdom of Kashmira and king Lohita. Then Trigartas attacked him with their allies.
This could have turned them to enemies who would later revenge upon Arjuna during Kurukshetra War. Arjuna went far north west to attack the city of Simhapura a Kamboja city.
He defeated Kambojas and Lohas and their allies. This later resulted in Kamboja's turning against Arjuna during Kurukshetra War.
Arjuna then followed the route along Sindhu river leading to Tibet. He subjugated them by diplomacy. He later reached the Manasa lake surrounded by Gandharva hamlets and defeated all of them. He then entered the northern Harivarsha Uttara Kuru Kingdom.
Arjuna was asked to return from this place since there cannot be war there. Other expeditions During the time of Pandava exile into woods, Arjuna left his other brothers and embarked on a journey to the Himalayas to meditate upon lord Siva. He obtained celestial weapons from Siva. From there he was taken by Indra into the domains of Devas assumed to be in Tibet, beyond the Yaksha and Gandharva territories surrounding Kailas range and Manasa lake.
He took part in several wars that took place in this region between Devas and a group of Asuras called Nivatakavachas. Arjuna is mentioned as helping Devas to fight against the Nivatakavachas who dwells near the sea. A lengthy passage Mbh 3. After the Kurukshetra War, Arjuna set for yet another expedition, for collecting tribute for king Yudhisthira's Ashwamedha sacrifice MBh The Kurukshetra war Thus fortified in his belief of the righteousness of his chosen course of action, Arjuna takes up arms and essays an important role in the winning of the war by the Pandavas.
Before the war Just before the Kurukshetra war, Lord Sri Krishna was concerned about Arjuna, as Karna at that time possessed the Shakti astra, procured from Lord Indra, in return for Karna's kavach, which could be fatal to anyone against whom it is being used including Arjuna.
He walks over to Arjuna and tells him to pray to Goddess Durga to protect him. Following a short tapasya worshipGoddess Durga appears before Arjuna and blesses him and tells him that he would be safe in the Kurukshetra war.
Lord Krishna also tells Arjuna that it was a blessing that Karna would not fight against him as Bheeshma had promised to become the chief of the Kaurava army on the condition that Karna would not fight. However, after Bhishma's fall, Karna does fight in the Kurukshetra war against Arjuna.
The slaying of Jayadratha In another memorable battle, Arjuna annihilates a whole akshouhiniof Kaurava soldiers in one day to avenge the unrighteous and brutal murder of his son Abhimanyu, by the Kaurava warriors. Having pledged to self immolate if he failed to kill the Sindhu king Jayadratha, whom he held responsible for his son Abhimanyu's death, by the end of the day, Arjuna slays the army to reach him.
The news of the terrible pledge taken by Arjuna reaches the Kaurava camp before the dawn. Jayadratha is terrified and wants to flee the battlefield, but he is persuaded to stay back by Duryodhana, Drona, Karna and Sakuni.
Drona promises to keep Jayadratha safe by means of an impenetrable battle formation. Drona stations himself and Kritvarma at the helm of the formidable array which is miles in length and breadth.
At the very rear of the formation, he stations six formidable charriot-warriors along with another battalion of soldiers. Seeing the arrangement, Jayadratha becomes relaxed and cheerful considering that no one can possibly penetrate the battery of soldiers that stood between him and the Pandava forces. Arjuna starts the battle by blowing his conch and twanging the Gandiva. He begins by engaging a battle with Drona who is at the van guarding the entrance.
He seems to waste time in the duel, so Krishna asks him to bypass Drona. Arjuna agrees and asks Krishna to take the chariot into the array avoiding Drona. When Krishna is doing so, Drona asks Arjuna to continue fight, but he refuses saying that Drona is his preceptor and another formidable task awaits him.
Drona tries to follow and stop Arjuna, but fails to do so. And Arjuna is able to enter the hostile array. Drona comes back to the van and sets his eye on capturing king Yudhisthira. Arjuna, in the midst of the Kaurava host, seems to be unstoppable and keeps slaying any mighty charriot-warrior who comes in his way.
By means of celestial weapons, he wreaks havoc among the infantry and elephant divisions. As mighty charriot warriors are slain, their respective armies break rank and flee from Arjuna. He is able to transgress the first formidable array and almost completely destroys the backbone of the defense.
By this time, he has penetrated too far into the Kaurava host. Protectors of his chariot are not able to enter the array and are stopped at the van itself by Kritavarma. When Arjuna has penetrated far enough into the Kaurava host, Yudhishthira sends Satyaki and Bheema one by one to help Arjuna, who is alone among the hostile enemies. None of them faces any challenge from the already destroyed first array of the Kauravas.
Seeing Satyaki come to Arjuna's rescue, Karna goes to fight with him, but he is defeated by Satyaki and has to go back to his original position.
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Then Stayaki is engaged in fight with various mighty car-warriors, so he is not able to reach Arjuna. After this, when Bheema enters the Kaurava army, Karna engages in a prolonged fight with him. Bheema succeeds in making Karna chariot-less and weapon-less a number of times. But since Karna is fighting in his own army, he avails chariots and weapons instantly. Finally, Karna succeeds in defeating Bheema and making him chariot-less.
Bheema is not able to get a new chariot. The battle between the two eventually ends in a stalemate, because Karna had promised Kunti not to kill any Pandava except Arjuna and Bheema also doesn't want to falsify the vow taken by Arjuna to slay Karna in a battle. Karna insults Bheema using bitter words when he succeeds in making Bheema chariot-less.
Bheema becomes enraged at the wordy darts, but considering the more important tasks, ascends on the chariot of Satyaki to proceed. Seeing Arjuna not far away from Jayadratha, Duryodhana asks Drona to stop him.
But Drona doesn't want to waste the opportunity to capture king and asks Duryodhana to go and fight with Arjuna himself. Duryodhan says he is incompetent to stop Arjuna. So, Drona ties an impenetrable Armour to Duryodhana's body and assures him of victory against Arjuna. Duryodhana then becomes confident and marches towards the direction of Arjuna. Krishna meanwhile unyokes the steeds of the chariot of Arjuna to give them rest as well as to make them free from the stuck arrows.
After refreshing the steeds, they start the battle again. Duryodhana reaches Arjuna to stop him, but he is easily defeated by Arjuna even with the armor. Ashwatthama, Duhshasana and Kripa intervene and save Duryodhana at this moment and take him away from Arjuna. Arjuna then starts fighting with the six mighty car-warriors which include Karna, Ashwatthama, Kripa and Duryodhana. The fight with these warriors seems to last longer than expected, so Krishna tells Arjuna that he will create darkness by the prowess of his yoga and availing this opportunity, he should slay Jayadratha.
Then Krishna resorts to yoga and darkness surrounds the battlefield, all the Kaurava warriors think sun to be set. However, Arjuna commences a battle in dark and none among the confused opposing army seems to be his match while fighting in the darkness. The backup army flies away and all the six car-warriors are defeated by Arjuna in the darkness.
Arjuna then takes out his celestial arrow and slays Jayadratha instantly.
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Arjuna makes sure that Jayadratha's head would fall on his father's lap who is meditating not far away from the battlefield itself and not on ground because Jayadratha had a boon that the one who makes his head fall on ground would die immediately. The slaying of Karna Arjuna killed his maternal brother Karna, another formidable warrior who was fighting in aid of the Kauravas against the Pandavas, not realizing their relationship.
Karna and Arjuna form a terrible rivalry when Karna sought to revenge himself upon Arjuna's guru and the princely order for his humiliation. Arjuna is further provoked when Karna insulted him and Draupadi and has an indirect role in the murder of Arjuna's son Abhimanyu in battle. They both bring this terrible and personal rivalry to a climactic battle of terrifying proportions. For a long, long time, powerful weapons are discharged by the two warriors at terrifying pace without relent.
The prowess and courage of both is marveled by the millions of other soldiers. Karna however promised his mother Kunti that only one out of Arjuna and him would remain alive because killing Arjuna was the ultimate aim of his life.
During the battle, Karna defeats Yudhishthira and he leaves the battlefield.