Adolescent Social Development
Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament Jade is a board certified Christian counselor with an MA in Marriage and Family He explained that teens go through four unique stages in their quest toward. Adolescence is defined in humans as the period of psychological and social more fully integrated social identity emerges, with participation in relationships at . Adolescence is a time of big social changes and emotional changes for your child. it'll probably mean some changes in your family routines and relationships, as well as On top of this, your child might upset people without meaning to, just.
Here are some suggestions for helping to encourage positive self-esteem in your teen: Give your child words of encouragement each day. Remember to point out the things your child does right, not just the mistakes. Be generous with praise. Give constructive criticism, and avoid criticism that takes the form of ridicule or shame.
Teach your child about decision-making and make it a point to recognize when he or she has made a good decision. Help your child learn to focus on his or her strengths by pointing out all of his or her talents and abilities.
Social Development During the Teen Years
Allow your teen to make mistakes. Overprotection or making decisions for teens can be perceived as a lack of faith in their abilities. This can make them feel less confident. When disciplining your child, replace shame and punishment with positive reinforcement for good behavior. Shame and punishment can make an adolescent feel worthless and inadequate.
Peer pressure As children grow, they begin to spend more time with their friends and less time with their parents. As a result, friends can influence a child's thinking and behavior. This is the essence of peer pressure. Peer pressure can be a positive influence—for example, when it motivates your child to do well in school, or to become involved in sports or other activities.
On the other hand, peer pressure can be a negative influence—for example, when it prompts your child to try smoking, drinking, using drugs, or to practice unsafe sex or other risky behaviors.
Here are some tips to help minimize the negative influences of peer pressure and to maximize the positive: Develop a close relationship with your child, and encourage open and honest communication. Children who have good relationships with their parents are more likely to seek a parent's advice about decisions or problems. Help your child understand what peer pressure is. The child will be better able to resist negative influences if he or she understands what's happening and why.
Reinforce the values that are important to you and your family.
Nurture your teen's own abilities and self-esteem so that he or she is not as susceptible to the influences of others. Teach your child how to be assertive, and praise assertive behavior. Give your teen breathing room. Don't expect him or her to do exactly as you say all of the time. Try to avoid telling your child what to do; instead, listen closely and you may discover more about the issues influencing your child's behavior.
Your child needs to understand that there are consequences to negative behaviors. Tobacco, drugs and alcohol Drug abuse is a serious problem that can lead to serious, even fatal, consequences.
Research suggests that nearly 25 percent of adolescents ages 12 to 17 have used drugs, with 16 to 18 as the peak age for drinking and drug abuse. Teens whose parents regularly communicate with them about the dangers of drugs have a decreased risk of using tobacco, alcohol or other drugs.
Social & Teenage Development | Cleveland Clinic
Following are some tips for addressing drugs, alcohol and tobacco use with your teen: Set a good example. If you smoke, drink heavily or use drugs, you are teaching your child that these behaviors are acceptable. Teach your child that drugs, tobacco and alcohol can harm their bodies, and that it's OK to say "no. Know who your child's friends are, and don't allow your child to attend parties where there is no adult supervision.
Encourage your child to become involved in extra-curricular activities at school, a church youth group, or other programs that provide opportunities for teens to gather and socialize in a fun and safe environment. Teens and sex Talking with your teenager is important to help him or her develop healthy attitudes toward sex and to learn responsible sexual behavior. Openly discussing sex with your teen also enables you to provide accurate information. After all, teens will learn about sex somewhere.
But what they learn might not be true, and might not reflect the personal and moral values and principles you want your children to follow.
- Social Development in Childhood and Adolescence: A Contemporary Reader
- Relationship Development
- The Development of Adolescent Social Cognition
Part of the developmental process for adolescents is to learn to work out one's own problems independently. With increasing cognitive and intuitive abilities, adolescents begin to face new responsibilities and to enjoy independent thoughts and actions. Adolescents begin to have thoughts and fantasies about their future and adult life for example, college or job training, work, and marriage.
Identity is defined as a sense of self or self-knowledge about one's characteristics, or personality. One of the fundamental tasks of adolescence is to achieve a sense of a personal identity and a secure sense of self. As an adolescent gains comfort with, and acceptance of, a more mature physical body, learns to use his or her own judgment, learns to make decisions independently, and addresses his or her own problems, he or she begins to develop a concept of himself or herself as an individual, and thus an identity.
Difficulty in developing a clear concept of self or identity occurs when an adolescent is unable to resolve struggles about who he or she is as a physical, sexual, and independent person.
Self-esteem is defined as the feelings one has about one's self. Self-esteem is determined by answering the question "How much do I like myself? During adolescence, teens become more thoughtful about who they are and who they want to be. They notice differences in the way they act and the way they think they should act.
Once teens start thinking about their actions and characteristics, they are confronted with how they judge themselves. Many adolescents tend to place importance on attractiveness.
The Development of Adolescent Social Cognition
When teens do not perceive themselves as attractive, it often causes poor self-esteem. Typically, self-esteem increases during late adolescence as teens develop a better sense of who they are. Developmental changes in peer relationships The amount of time spent with friends increases during the course of adolescence. Most often, teenagers enjoy the time they spend with their friends more than other activities. They report feeling more understood and accepted by their friends. Less and less time is spent with parents and other family members.
Close friendships tend to develop between teens that are more similar in nature, interest, social class, and ethnic backgrounds, than younger age friendships. While childhood friendships tend to be based on common activities, adolescent friendships expand to include similarities in attitudes, values, as well as shared activities.
Teen friendships also tend to be based on similarities in the level of involvement in academic and educational interest. Especially for girls, close, intimate, self-disclosing conversations with friends help to explore identities and define one's sense of self.