Why strong ties between business and government matter | Business | The Guardian
So am I, and the question Gates raises goes to the heart of the relationship between business and government in solving our societies'. Political advisers call for better government-business relations An initiative for a new type of government-business relationship was set in motion by President Xi Jinping in March Ten photos from across China: July Government-business relations are conducted in many ways and through numerous channels Whether Japan still fits this picture after several reforms in the s and s seems questionable, but there is little doubt that government.
Attitudes toward government direction[ edit ] Japanese attitudes towards government have historically been shaped by Confucianism. Japan often has been defined as a Confucian country, but one in which loyalty is more important than benevolence.
Leadership stemmed from the government and authority in general, and business looked to government for guidance. These attitudes, coupled with the view of the nation as a familyallowed government to influence business, and businesses worked hard not only for their own profits but also for national well-being. There was a national consensus that Japan must be an economic power and that the duty of all Japanese was to sacrifice themselves for this national goal.
Thus, the relationship between government and business was as collaborators rather than as mutually suspicious adversaries. Corporate organizations[ edit ] Links between the corporate world and government in Japan were maintained through three national organizations: Keidanren is considered the most important.
Its membership includes of the largest corporations and manufacturers' associations.
Its Tokyo headquarters serves as a kind of "nerve center" for the country's most important enterprises, and it works closely with the powerful Ministry of International Trade and Industry MITI. There is evidence, however, suggesting that the federation's power is not what it had been, partly because major corporations, which had amassed huge amounts of money by the late s, are increasingly capable of operating without its assistance.
Nikkeiren was concerned largely with labor-management relations and with organizing a united business front to negotiate with labor unions on wage demands during the annual " Spring Struggle ". Because of financial support from corporations, business interest groups were generally more independent of political parties than other groups. Small business[ edit ] Japan's streets are lined with small shops, grocery storesrestaurantsand coffeehouses. Although supermarkets and large discount department stores are more common than in the s, the political muscle of small business associations was reflected in the success with which they blocked the nationalization of the country's distribution system.
Strengthening bilateral and business relations with Ethiopia
The Large-Scale Retail Store Law ofamended inmade it very difficult in the late s for either Japanese or foreign retailers to establish large, economically efficient outlets in local communities.
Many light industrial goods, such as toysfootwearpencilsand kitchen utensilswere still manufactured by small local companies rather than imported from the Republic of KoreaTaiwanor Hong Kong. According to the Boston Globefrom throughsome four-fifths of retiring three- and four-star US generals went to work as consultants or defense executives. Likewise, the US-based group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics has shown the extent to which careers lead from the US Department of Defense to the defense industry.
But close ties between business and government are also necessary.
Government-Business Relations - Wikiversity
Strong economies need strong businesses and strong trade, and that requires good relationships with policymakers. They are given excessive leeway because they, like many financial firms, are too important to fail.
This complex dance between business and government is never-ending and always evolving. It is the stuff of gatherings like the World Economic Forum, where business leaders and governments talk tough on panels and make nice in back rooms. And the need to do both has become more obvious than ever in an era of slow economic growth and privatisation of services once provided by the public sector.
The working relationship is important and should not be condemned, but it must be recognised openly. All of this is necessary to build stronger economies.