Duck's Phase Model Of Relationship Breakdown AQA Psychology
There is also evidence that the rate of divorce declines for individuals. in their twenties, but end their marriage is slightly higher if their parents divorced than if they remained. continuously High levels of neuroticism, defined .. () calls this the grave-dressing phase and suggests not only that partners. engage in. Definition. The stage in the escalation path of romantic relationships in which two people explore various Grave Dressing Process The final set of processes in relationship deterioration, in which ex–partners begin to live. Duck's phase model of relationship breakdown is covered for AQA secrets to hasten the end of the relationship or help repair the relationship between them. The grave-dressing phase sees a post view of the relationship.
What occurs before, during, and after a relationship break-up?
Relationship Dissolution - Duck's Model
Most often relationship break-ups are seen as a single event in time — one partner decides to end the relationship or both partners mutually agree that it is best to go their separate ways. But this is a short-sighted view of relationship breakdowns — relationships begin to unravel over time, in stages. Professor and relationships expert Steve Duck breaks down relationship dissolution into five phases, each with its own emotional and behavioral signs.
At least one person perceives that something is wrong in the relationship, but they may not discuss this openly with their partner.
You struggle internally and begin to question the benefits of being in the relationship. Communication with your partner decreases, while communication with other people —friends and family— increases. This phase is concerned with internal problem-solving and your partner is not meant to know about it.
This stage can be long or short, but will usually include some discussion on how the relationship can be repaired if the other is willing to. You may try new ways of dealing with their relationship issues. The outcome of this stage determines if relationship breakdown will continue i.
You weigh your options and wonder what life will be like without your relationship and partner. This supports the notion of an intrapsychic phase as the model proposes. However gender differences exist and this theory could be argued to suffer from gender bias, particularly beta bias as it attempts to play down gender differences assuming the process is experienced similarly by men and women.Breakdown of relationships
Argyle found women cited a lack of emotional support as the reason for breakdown while men cited an absence of fun. Kassin found further support for gender differences with women citing unhappiness and incompatibility while men blamed a lack of sex.
Women also wanted to remain friends while men preferred clean breaks. This suggests gender differences exist that the model is unable to explain.
Another criticism of Ducks breakdown explanation is Individual differences also exist and a possible additional phase that is unaccounted for. Akert found that the person who instigated the break-up tended to suffer fewer negative consequences than the non-instigator.
Another criticism is the model for breakdown is not universal as it does not apply to every case of relationship breakdown nor does the phases always occur in the same order. The model does not apply to homosexual relationships or heterosexual relationships where there are no children.
Interpersonal communication relationship dissolution
The model identifies opportunities for different repair strategies at different points. For example during the intrapsychic stage where people brood over the negatives of their partner and the relationship, they can be encouraged to focus instead on the positives. During the Dyadic stage communication is key and ensuring this is constructive and solution focused rather than blame orientated can help avoid hitting the next threshold where breakdown is more difficult to avoid as it becomes social.
- The Stages of Breaking Up
- Duck’s Phase Model Of Relationship Breakdown
Therefore such insights into the break-up process as applications particularly in relationship counselling. Research into breakdown like this also raises ethical issues as it focuses on sensitive areas which raises the issue of vulnerability in participants who may have to relive the experiences of breakdown causing further stress.
The Stages of Breaking Up | aloftyexistence
Privacy and confidentiality are also invaded as researchers question them to find out why the relationship broke down and this presents a major issue particularly when domestic abuse is a factor. In some cultures arranged marriages tend to be more permanent and involve families in crisis, which these models cannot fully explain. Therefore the model can be argued to be ethnocentric and lacking external validity to wider generalisation across different cultures.
The model does not account for love and how that may play a mitigating role in relationship breakdown yet it is universally accepted as a key component within relationships.