Cultural Information - Jordan | Centre for Intercultural Learning
U.S.-JORDAN RELATIONS. The United States deeply values its long history of cooperation and friendship with Jordan, with which it. Latin America has never mattered more for the United States. Julia E. Sweig . U.S.-SPAIN RELATIONS. The United States established diplomatic relations with Spain in Spain severed diplomatic relations with the.
In all of these organizations, the executives were quite young under the age of 40extremely motivated, and full of new ideas. If however, you are dealing with a government organization, experience is the most highly regarded attribute as employees are promoted based on as seniority. Typically, these managers are not as progressive or open to change, as they are often fearful that change may diminish the importance of their positions.
In addition to those aforementioned traits, it is critical that the manager be very personable and culturally sensitive. My boss, who was also an expatriate, mentioned once that one of the most important aspects of managing was "making the rounds" visiting all the employees—discussing matters outside of work, such as inquiring about the families, and checking in on how everything was going at work.
An expatriate must prove that they are really trying to understand the culture and are not simply attempting to proceed the same way they would in their country of origin.
Education is also very important. Typically, anyone who is educated in Europe or North America will be more highly regarded than someone educated in the Middle East, regardless of the level of experience.Spain: Another Country Trying To Restore Democracy
In the workplace, how are decisions taken and by whom? Is it acceptable to go to my immediate supervisor for answers or feedback? The decision-making is usually in the hands of the person on top of the hierarchal organizational chart. This can affect productivity- If the decision maker prefers a particular individual at work, the co-workers won't have any motivation to work hard, because they know that the decision will be in favour if that particular individual, no matter what this individual does at work.
An individual should never go over the immediate supervisor. It is recommended that an individual goes to the immediate supervisor for answers or feedback. Jordanians generally expect you deal with the rank structure as opposed to going to a higher official to address any issues.
It is important to always go to your immediate supervisor for answers or feedback. Even if your immediate supervisor does not have decision-making authority, it is considered to be very disrespectful to go straight to the decision makers and bypass your immediate supervisor.
The majority of organizations are hierarchical in that sense.
Gender, Class, Religion and Ethnicity. What impact would the above attitudes have on the workplace? The role of women has changed to a large extent in recent years, so that gender has no effect on the workplace.
Females are becoming more powerful; as such there have been several female ministers and elected members of parliament in recent years. While class has a big effect on the social life in Jordan, it has no effect in the workplace. However, individuals in each class have their own social activities and places they to go to. Religion has no effect on the workplace; there is no discrimination on the basis of religion and Christians and Muslims have the same opportunities at the workplace.
There are some issues between Jordanians and Jordanians of Palestinian origin — with some people from the latter community claiming they are discriminated against, including in the workplace.
Jordan–United States relations
Regardless of these claims, it is clear that there are Palestinians and Jordanians in all positions and departments across the workforce. Women are not seen as equals in Jordanian society. In many instances, they do not have the right to make choices regarding who they marry, post-secondary educational studies and where they may work if they are allowed to work. However, you will nonetheless find women represented in the public sector, such as in the traffic division of the police department as well as certain ranks of the military.
Religion plays a huge part in Jordanian society. You will find prayer rooms in most government facilities, and many small businesses are closed during prayer time.
Religion does affect some of legislation - for example, Muslims cannot sell alcohol, but Christians can. During Ramadan it is more challenging to eat out during daylight hours. In my experience, with the exception of some businesses at the Dead Sea, most businesses do not sell hot food at this time. The majority of the population in Jordan is poor and most people live below the poverty line.
It is very common for many people to hold second positions as drivers or shop owners. The poorer populations work long hours, and often seven days a week, in efforts to attain the money needed to give their children a good education. There is a wealthy population of people living in West Amman.
Their lifestyles are very different. The wealthier classes have better opportunities afforded to them. Their children go to better schools and colleges. They are able to travel abroad and see the world outside of Jordan; this has allowed them to expect more from life.
They also have access to better-constructed housing. Those who were Jordanian traced their lineage back approximately years to that region of the world and Saudi Arabia. There are also a great number of female live-in domestic workers from the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, in addition to countries throughout Africa, such as Kenya and Sudan.
The Egyptian population in Jordan is sometimes likened to the Mexican population in the U.
They provide cheap labour. Many of them go to Jordan to work and they travel home after several months to give money to their families.
Jordan–United States relations - Wikipedia
Jordanian gypsies, the Dom, are generally marginalized and some live in open spaces in tents throughout areas of Amman. I have also found Syrian children at Carrefour supermarket or other markets offering to carry bags for whatever money they can earn to help their families. How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business?
Jordanians are well known for being hospitable; they like to invite people over to their houses. Keeping in consideration that Jordanians prefer to deal with a person they know; strong social relationships will strengthen the work relationship.
For Jordanians, honesty is an important value, and will help build trust. Jordanians are generally more personable than Westerners. They prefer to have coffee or tea and learn a bit more about you and your family before embarking on a business venture. I often found that we would have tea or be invited over for dinner by people with whom we did business. They would eagerly bring meals during Ramadan as well as at any other time.
I have even had an experience in a shoe store where the store owner bought beverages for the children before we purchased anything.
Spanish ambassador highlights 'extraordinary' ties with Jordan | Jordan Times
Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or consideration given our personal relationship or friendship?
Having a personal relationship with a Jordanian individual will bring a situation where special privileges and considerations are expected.
If it is against work ethics, then declining an invitation or request, along with an explanation why, is the best approach. On the other hand if privileges start to be abused, the best approach is to treat everyone at the workplace equally, by refusing all demands for special treatment. In my experience, I found it was always better to have known someone personally or to have a referral to speak to someone versus not having any type of connection.
In many situations, we were able to acquire discounts or acquire and expedite paperwork because we were escorted by someone who had a contact at a facility, or because we were referred by someone.
I have a work-related problem with a colleague. Do I confront him or her directly? If a work-related problem with a colleague arises, the best approach is to address this problem in private with him or her. By doing so, any embarrassment will be minimized. Pay attention to a colleague that starts to maintain only the minimum level of communication, and changes body language - this could indicate a problem.
In this case, approach the individual and attempt to uncover and solve the problem. Doing so will demonstrate sincerity. Jordanians are generally very upfront with their emotions and will make it very obvious when they are offended or unhappy with something that you have done. This meant that they would become very defensive and start pointing fingers. For this reason, I found it was best to communicate via e-mail so that everything was documented; this way, if a problem did arise; the root of the problem could easily be identified.
What motivates my local colleagues to perform well on the job? Of course money, loyalty, good working conditions and job satisfaction also play a part in motivating local workers, but this comes second after appreciation. Keep in consideration that many workers have two jobs because of the low salaries. Accommodating, if possible, their working schedule to avoid timing conflicts between their multiple jobs would also be appreciated and would motivate them at work. It is difficult to generalize; I found that the motivating factors differed for each person.
Some of my colleagues worked extremely hard, put in long hours, and it was obvious that they placed utmost importance on having a rewarding and successful career.
Spain–United States relations
However, there were also a number of colleagues who would only focus on getting the required work done and nothing more. It was very rare for these particular individuals to put in extra hours. If I had to generalize, I would say that good working conditions and money were the primary motivating factors. If the price of modern machinery, not manufactured in Spain, is increased exorbitantly by high customs duties, the tendency of the Spanish will be simply to do without it, and it must not be imagined that they will purchase it anyhow because it has to be had from somewhere.
He called the United States "a colossal child: His collection of poems Poeta en Nueva York explores his alienation and isolation through some graphically experimental poetic techniques. Coney Island horrified and fascinated Lorca at the same time. Brian Morris, "suffuse two lines which he expunged from his first draft of 'Oda a Walt Whitman ': This was in line with both American neutrality policies, and with a Europe-wide agreement to not sell arms for use in the Spanish war lest it escalate into a world war.
Congress endorsed the embargo by a near-unanimous vote. Only armaments were embargoed; American companies could sell oil and supplies to both sides.
Roosevelt quietly favored the left-wing Republican or "Loyalist" government, but intense pressure by American Catholics forced him to maintain a policy of neutrality. The Catholics were outraged by the systematic torture, rape and execution of priests, bishops, and nuns by anarchist elements of the Loyalist coalition.
This successful pressure on Roosevelt was one of the handful of foreign policy successes notched by Catholic pressures on the White House in the 20th century. The Soviet Union provided aid to the Loyalist government, and mobilized thousands of volunteers to fight, including several hundred from the United States in the Abraham Lincoln Battalion. All along the Spanish military forces supported the nationalists, and they steadily pushed the government forces back.
Byhowever, Roosevelt was planning to secretly send American warplanes through France to the desperate Loyalists.
His senior diplomats warned that this would worsen the European crisis, so Roosevelt desisted. The American-owned Vacuum Oil Company in Tangierfor example, refused to sell to Republican ships and at the outbreak of the war, the Texas Oil Company rerouted oil tankers headed for the Republic to the Nationalist-controlled port of Tenerife and supplied tons of gasoline on credit to Franco until the war's end.
American automakers FordStudebakerand General Motors provided a total of 12, trucks to the Nationalists. Although not supported officially, many American volunteers such as the Abraham Lincoln Battalion fought for the Republicans, as well as American anarchists making up the Sacco and Vanzetti Century of the Durruti Column.
Edgar Hoover persuaded President Franklin D. Roosevelt to ensure that former ALB members fighting in U. Forces in World War II not be considered for commissioning as officers, or to have any type of positive distinction conferred upon them.
World War II[ edit ] Main article: While officially non-belligerent untilGeneral Franco's government sold considerable material, especially tungsten, to Germany, and purchased machinery.
Meanwhile, tens of thousands of exiled Leftist Republicanscontributed to the Allied cause. Thousands also volunteered in Blue Divisionwhich fought for the Axis.
As Germany weakened, Spain cut back its sales. From toAmerican historian Carlton J. Hayes served as President Roosevelt's ambassador to Spain. He was attacked at the time from the left for being overly friendly with Franco, but it has been generally held that he played a vital role in preventing Franco from siding with the Axis powers during the war. Buchanan argues that Hayes made Spain into "Washington's 'silent ally.
Spanish officials handed these papers over to German intelligence officials, who in turn placed an emphasis on troop placement and defense in Sardinia rather than the true target of allied invasion, Sicily. Historian Emmet Kennedy rejects allegations that Hayes was an admirer of Franco. Instead he was "a tough critic of the caudillo's 'fascism'". Hayes played a central role in rescuing 40, refugees — French, British, Jews and others from Hitler.
He helped them cross the Pyrenees into Spain and onward to North Africa.
He made Spain "a haven from Hitler. Eisenhower in Madrid in With the end of World War II, Spain suffered from the economic consequences of its isolation from the international community. Spain was blocked from joining the United Nations, primarily by the large Communist element in France.