Knapp's relational development model - Wikipedia
Relationship Development. Knapp's Relationship Escalation Model. Step #1: Initiation. Very short The Social Exchange Theory. Situations in relationships. History Mark.l Knapp (born on July 12th, ) is a renowned teaching He developed a theoretical model for relational enhancement which routes the. Here's a model of stages of a relationship as defined by M.L. Knapp.
The steps can be even skipped out while the progression or deterioration of a relationship.
Knapp’s Relationship Model
Initiation — This very short stage is all about making an impression. So this stage the judging would not be accurate. People will be concerned with making favorable impressions. The physical appearance plays a great role in impression making such as the dress that they wear, the perfume they use and the overall appearance.
What is your name? Example 2 — In business relationships overall amiability is essential.
Knapp's Relational Development Model
They ask about demographics, professions and other shared aims. It is important in business to create a good impression at the initial stage itself. Experimentation is also called as the probing stage because each person will analyze the other for information or a common interest so that they can decide whether to maintain a relationship among them.
Most of the relationships wind up here due to the different interest levels. Example 1 — When the boy sees the girl the next time they will discuss to find out about their common interest and asks questions like- which is your favorite food?
Or which is your favorite car? Example 2 — An exploration into what partner fabricates will add benefit to the business of another person in business relationships. Intensifying — In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal. People will start revealing their personal information and will analyze the impression on the other person. They find various ways to nurture a relationship in order to strengthen interpersonal development such as gifts, spending more time together, asking for dates, expecting a relationship commitment etc.
During their date they talk about their lives and how the boy got the job and his personal experience and the girl also reveals about her parents, her previous experiences, etc.
In personal life people may fall in love or find a close friend. The level of intimacy can progress to a further relationship.
Bonding — In this stage, a person will announce to the world about their relationship. They make their relationship recognized and will honor their commitment legally. The relationship is indefinite and only to be broken through a formal notice, agreements or death etc.
Example 1 — The boy proposes and the girl agrees to marry him. Example 2 — The bonding stage of business relationships comprises of partnerships and durable relationships which can lower business expenses and can result in more profit. Like coming together, there are five stages in coming apart.
In Knapp's Stages Of Relationship - Culture Libre
Differentiating — When people progress in a relationship they sometimes due to other external pressures will start thinking individually rather than with the partner. They may start developing hobbies or other endeavors. The relationship will start to fade and the everlasting bond will be broken. The feeling of dislike is often expressed by the partners on their commitment.
Example 1 — The boy comes up with idea of quitting the job and to do something he wanted. General pleasantness is also important for social and business relationships.
Experimentation If the parties show initial interested, they may next start exploring, looking for common interests, common acquaintances and other ground on which they can meet and share. In business relationships, there will also be investigation into what each person brings to the table that will add value to the business of the other person. Intensifying With enough in common, the people now start sharing more private information and checking for reciprocal sharing by the other person that signals their interest in deepening the relationship.
This stage may also include spending more time together, gift-giving and declarations of affection. Advances may be made for further intimacy to test for the desire take things further. In business, this may include negotiation and contracting activity that will lead up to value creation and exchange. Integration The two people now start seeing each other more often as they integrate a number of parts of their lives.
Romantically, this may include sexual relationship and deep disclosure of shameful secrets. In business, this is where they start working together with each getting value from the arrangement, often directly financial or that will lead to financial benefit.
Bonding Finally, the two people are fully integrated in the bonding stage.
Here they make their unitary status known and may formalize it, for example through marriage. Other symbols of unending commitment may also include such as joint bank accounts and having children. In business, this includes partnership and trusting relations that reduce transaction costs and add longer-term value.
Coming apart Although in bonding the people intend to keep the relationship going forever, sometimes this does not happen. In fact the divorce rate in a number of countries is higher than ever.
Differentiating At first, and with the pressures of living, the closely bonded joint relationship starts to pull apart as the people have demands of different jobs, different friends and different interests.
Romantically, after a couple of years, people are no longer floating on a cloud and start to see themselves and the other person as individuals rather than a tight couple. In business, other customers, suppliers and work pressure start to reduce the chance to meet.
- Knapp's relational development model
- Knapp's Relational Development Model
Individuals may also be looking to advancing their career. Circumscribing As the people pull apart, the focus moves towards setting boundaries and delimiting differences. People have their own individual space, their own possessions, their own friends and so on. This can cause conflict, for example where both claim the same resource as their own.