Line and staff relationship definition of single

8 Types of Organisational Structures: their Advantages and Disadvantages

line and staff relationship definition of single

Jn spite OF its ubiquitous importance, the subject of line and staff in man- agement says, "The subject of authority relationships is one of the grossly misunder staff are There is probably no other single area of managment which i. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. Both terms. The individual believes the order is consistent with the purpose of the organization. meaning the human resource manager has staff authority in relation to the plant manager, CONFLICT IN LINE – STAFF RELATIONSHIP.

The following sections refer primarily to line-and-staff structures, although the advantages and disadvantages discussed apply to both types of organizational structures. Several advantages and disadvantages are present within a line-and-staff organization. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. Staff experts in specific areas are incorporated into the formal chain of command.

A disadvantage of a line-and-staff organization is conflict between line and staff personnel. Some positions are primary to the company's mission, whereas others are secondary—in the form of support and indirect contribution.

Staff and line - Wikipedia

Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them as being either line or staff. A line position is directly involved in the day-to-day operations of the organization, such as producing or selling a product or service.

Principles of Management Lectures - The Line and Staff Organisation

Line positions are occupied by line personnel and line managers. Line personnel carry out the primary activities of a business and are considered essential to the basic functioning of the organization.


Line managers make the majority of the decisions and direct line personnel to achieve company goals. An example of a line manager is a marketing executive. Figure 1 Line-and-Staff Organization Although a marketing executive does not actually produce the product or service, he or she directly contributes to the firm's overall objectives through market forecasting and generating product or service demand.

line and staff relationship definition of single

Therefore, line positions, whether they are personnel or managers, engage in activities that are functionally and directly related to the principal workflow of an organization. Staff positions serve the organization by indirectly supporting line functions. Staff positions consist of staff personnel and staff managers. Staff personnel use their technical expertise to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities.

Staff managers provide support, advice, and knowledge to other individuals in the chain of command. Although staff managers are not part of the chain of command related to direct production of products or services, they do have authority over personnel. The principle of unity of command is violated when functional authority exists i.

Some staff specialists may exert direct authority over the line personnel, rather than exert advice authority for example, quality control inspector may direct the worker as well as advise in matters related to quality. While this type of organisational structure overcomes the disadvantages of a pure line organisaional structure, it has some major disadvantages: Line and Staff Organisational Structure: Most large organisations belong to this type of organisational structure.

These organisations have direct, vertical relationships between different levels and also specialists responsible for advising and assisting line managers. Such organisations have both line and staff departments. Staff departments provide line people with advice and assistance in specialized areas for example, quality control advising production department.

The line functions are production and marketing whereas the staff functions include personnel, quality control, research and development, finance, accounting etc. The staff authority of functional authority organisational structure is replaced by staff responsibility so that the principle of unity of command is not violated.

Three types of specialized staffs can be identified: Some staffs perform only one of these functions but some may perform two or all the three functions.

line and staff relationship definition of single

The primary advantage is the use of expertise of staff specialists by the line personnel. The span of control of line managers can be increased because they are relieved of many functions which the staff people perform to assist the line.

Types of Organizational Structures

Line and staff have direct vertical relationship between different levels. The individual sees the order as compatible with his or her personal interests. The individual is mentally and physically able to comply with the order.

line and staff relationship definition of single

The fewer of these 4 conditions that are present, the lower the probability that authority will be accepted and obedience be exacted. Barnad offers some guidance on what managers can do to raise the odds that their commands will be accepted and obeyed.

line and staff relationship definition of single

The manager uses formal channels of communication and these are familiar to all organization members. Each organization member has an assigned formal communication channel through which orders are received. The line of communication between manager and subordinate is as direct as possible.

The complete chain of command is used to issue orders. The manager possesses adequate communication skills. The manager uses formal communication lines only for organizational business.

8 Types of Organisational Structures: their Advantages and Disadvantages

A command is authenticated as coming from a manager. Line Authority Staff Authority Functional Authority Each type exists only to enable individuals to carry out the different types of responsibilities with which they have been charged. The most fundamental authority within an organization, reflects existing superior-subordinate relationships. It consists of the right to make decisions and to give order concerning the production,sales or finance related behaviour of subordinates.