Penelope, Virtuous Wife of Odysseus - The Role of Women in the Art of Ancient Greece
Why should you care about what Penelope says in Homer's The Odyssey? Don't worry, we're here to tell you. Penelope, to Odysseus, in his guise as the stranger, "Stranger, my beauty went forfeit to the Gods the day my Husband sailed with the Argives. and find homework help for other The Odyssey questions at eNotes. So you might say that Athena and Penelope share influence over Odysseus. to the sacred relationship Odysseus shares with his beloved wife, Penelope. 2 educator answers; What quotes from The Odyssey illustrate how Odysseus is a hero?.
But instead she became a queen. I hope this makes sense to you. Here is the section in the Odyssey: He is very rich, and the women of the place will talk if he is laid out without a pall. She fooled us in this way for three years and we never found her out, but as time wore on and she was now in her fourth year, one of her maids who knew what she was doing told us, and we caught her in the act of undoing her work, so she had to finish it whether she would or no.
Can this matrilineal system be seen in any other ancient Greek works? Why when people recite their geneologies in The Odyssey do they name their fathers and grandfathers, if rights to a kingdom were passed through a matrilineal system?
But Laertes was still alive when Odysseus became king upon his marriage to Penelope. Notice that Laertes can do nothing about the suitors. The matrilineal system can be seen with Clytemnestra as well. Clytemnestra became queen of Mycenae by marrying Tantalus.
When Agamemnon killed Tantalus he obtained Mycenae by marrying Clytemnestra. Oedipus became king when he married Jocasta. It was not expected that a Greek man would only have sex with his wife. Odysseus preferred Penelope to the other women and continually tried to return to her. Unmarried men who wanted to marry Penelope and thereby inherit her money and her realm. The husband of Penelope became the king of Ithaca. Compare and contrast traits of Penelope and Calypso Answer: This can be done by reading the Odyssey.
Where can I find the information on that piece? What media were used? How did Penelope test the wooers with the bow? Here is the speech she gave to the suitors: But even so I doubt not that I shall remember it in my dreams. In the end Odysseus ends up with the bow and the wooers end up weaponless.
This allows Odysseus to kill most of the wooers before they gang up on him. You keep saying that penelope is a beautiful woman. What were her features and characteristics like? Homer makes little reference to Penelope but he does have Agamemnon say: Of course her beauty also helps to attract the suitors. So we can say she has beautiful features but we cannot provide more detail. How tall was she? Calypso says of Penelope: So Penelope is nearly as tall and as beautiful as a goddess.
Did Penelope suffer more than Odysseus? But suffering is hard to quantify. Both suffered a lot. Penelope is trying to do things her way, the way that will preserve her home and family.
She is able to trick those wooers who want her to do things their way and break up her family and perhaps destroy her home.
The moral is to trick evil people if you can so you can get them to do what is right in spite of their evil. Circe is a goddess while Penelope was a mortal. As a goddess Circe is in control of magic. As a mortal Penelope has only her wits for power. What did she have to do with the Iliad?
Penelope is not mentioned in the Iliad. Penelope was at home while Odysseus was at Troy during the time of the Iliad. What impact does Penelope have on Odysseus? Penelope becomes the life goal of Odysseus. She is the symbol of all that is right, just, and fulfilling. Homer says she is a mortal queen. Round about this I built my chamber, till I had finished it, with close-set stones, and I roofed it over well, and added to it jointed doors, close-fitting.
Beginning with this I hewed out my bed, till I had finished it,  inlaying it with gold and silver and ivory, and I stretched on it a thong of ox-hide, bright with purple. What ruse did the Greeks use to destroy Troy? They used the Trojan Horse. I have commissioned four tapestries to be hand woven on the life of Penelope.
We would like to incorporate imagery, iconography, symbols and attributes of her into the tapestries. Please give us some ideas as to objects that would represent her and her life that could be included into these tapestries. Any other ideas would be greatly appreciated.
She must have been quite a girl to have so fetched the heart of Odysseus. She probably did not sit at home twiddling her thumbs.
What was her education like? Did festivals and public events affect her? Odysseus found out about Penelope when he went to woo Helen. Imagine what a mess that was. The most common image of Penelope is her weaving at her loom. Where does her power lie in Ithaca? Does the way Homer represents her in the poem tell us anything about Odysseus and the other males involved in her production as a character and person? This is a good paper topic that will help the writer come to a better understanding of the Odyssey.
Quotes about the love between Odysseus and Penelope in The Odyssey?
Where did she live? In a Mycenaean palace on ancient Ithaca, an island on the west coast of Greece. No remains of a Mycenaean palace are found on modern day Ithaca leading one to speculate that modern and ancient Ithaca differ.
Do you think that Penelope recognized Odysseus before Book 23?
- The Odyssey Quotes
- Penelope, Virtuous Wife of Odysseus
Penelope seems to be aware of the difficulty that Odysseus would be in when he returns. But she is also concerned that she not be duped by an imposter.
By bringing out his bow she sets up a situation where she can tell if he is an imposter, and if he is not, he will be able to deal with his adversaries. Why does Penelope entertain the suitors so long and fail to recognize Odysseus when he returns?
With Odysseus away Penelope is in charge. If she gives in to one of the suitors then she will become subservient to him. She will no longer be able to protect her son who would probably be killed. As long as she entertains the suitors then they will stick to the customs of a guest and she will remain the host in charge. If she tried to throw them out they might organize and force her to do their will.
She did not want to recognize Odysseus because that would reveal him to his enemies. The suitors are potential, formidable army who have no benefit from the return of Odysseus. If he is not already dead, they would do well to kill him.
And she could not afford to recognize an imposter. An imposter could easily take over and harm her family. She had to test each claimaint carefully. The relation between men and women in ancient Greece was very confused with men thinking one thing and women another. In most cases neither had their way.
I do not think Odysseus is a very good guide to marriage. The reason why the marriage of Odysseus lasted is because Penelope was a very talented wife and Odysseus was a man worthy of her. When I thought about why Odysseus preferred Penelope to the Goddess Calypso and Circe, for that matter It occurred to me that one difference between a goddess and a mortal is that a mortal can sin while a goddess cannot. Now some men prefer a sinful woman and so the marriage may have been good because Penelope liked to sin in a way that Odysseus liked.
The point of this observation is that what held the two together may have nothing to do with deep mental accord. Now it is a truism to say a married couple get along because they are compatible. But this is just as true for many shallow ways as anything deep. You know this compatibility is important so who is the better judge, the couple or their parents? The most interesting aspect of the couples that you list is what system was used to determine compatibility in each case and did it work.
Does this say anything about how compatibility can be found today? How are Penelope and Jocasta similar? First you should realize that society in the Odyssey is ambiguous.
Is it Mycenaean society or Archaic Greek? Homer embellished the older stories with his current observations. Because of our distance it is hard for us to tell the difference. One odd connection between the two women is that the men in both cases act as if they win the woman they get the kingdom. We do not understand this. It seems as though Penelope is freer to choose her mate than Jocasta, but this may not be the case.
The Bright-Eyed Goddess & Odysseus' Relationship
In the end she chooses a test to decide her mate just as a test was devised for Jocasta. We would hope that personalities would make the couple compatible, and it is up to the individuals to decide what constitutes compatibility. Using a test to determine a mate seems to be a relic of Mycenaean social structure which involved goddess worship. To them the female seemed more connected to fertility than the male because of the visibility of the offspring that the women produced.
And this fertility connected the female to the earth and its resources.
The Bright-Eyed Goddess & Odysseus' Relationship
During the Classical period the status of women was reduced because it was thought the male provided the form of the baby while the female provided only the substance. This caused the female to be disconnected from the resources of growth and production and only a separate resource.
One of the purposes of sequestering the females in ancient times was so that the male knew that the offspring were formally his. So the status of women went from divine to chattel.
SUITORS OF PENELOPE - Greek Mythology Link
But if the females were sequestered as Penelope certainly was, what impact could society have had on Penelope? Though there is no emphasis on the sequestering of Jocasta, this certainly seems to have been the case. So mutual trust may come of play and love. We must go to the cold homes of death and pale Persephone to hear Teiresias tell of time to come.
I shall speak true. He is my guest, but each one shares this honor. Be in no haste to send him on his way or scant your bounty in his need. Remember how rich, by heaven's will, your possessions are. Better, I say, to break sod as a farm hand for some poor country man, on iron rations, than lord it over all the exhausted dead.
One visit Finishes all men but yourselves, twice mortal! I had forewarning from Teiresias and Kirke, too; both told me I must shun this island of the Sun, the world's delight. Nothing but fatal trouble shall we find here, Pull away, then, and put the land astern. If we gave safe conveyance to all passengers we should incur Poseidon's wrath, he said, whereby one day a fair ship, manned by Phaiakians, would come to grief at the god's hands;'" Book 13, lines Quote Three long years they have played master in your house: Our fat shoats are eaten by the suitors, cold-heated men, who never spare a thought for how they stand in the sight of Zeus.
The gods living in bliss are fond of no wrongdoing, but honor discipline and right behavior. Can we drive now? We can not, itch as we may for the road home. Dawn is near; allow the captain of the spearmen, Menelaos, time to pack our car with gifts and time to speak a gracious word, sending us off. A guest remembers all of his days that host who makes provisions for him kindly.
I burden you too long. Direct me, put me on the road with someone. Nothing else for it but to play the beggar. Well- now to get the best craft we can find afloat, with oarsmen who can drench her bows, and tell those on the island to come home.
Telemakhos, more sweet to me than sunlight! I thought I should not see you again, ever, after you took the ship that night to Pylos- against my will, with not a word! You went for news of your dear father. Tell me now of everything you saw! God pairs them off together, every time. Swineherd, where are you taking your new pig, that stinking beggar there, licker of pots? How many doorposts has he rubbed his back on whining for garbage, where a noble guest would rate a cauldron or a sword.
You'd grudge a pinch of salt from your own larder to your own handy man. With two punches I'd knock him snoring Could I hire you to clear stones from wasteland for me- you'll be paid enough- collecting boundary walls and planting trees? I'll give you a bread ration every day, a cloak to wrap in, sandals for your feet. You'd rather tramp the country begging, to keep your hoggish belly full.
He comprehends it, being a man full grown, able to oversee the kind of house Zeus would endow with honor. I could not see you until now- not till I knew my master's body with my hands! I can see that for myself. So let me tell you this. I swear by Zeus al highest, by the table set for friends, and by your king's hearthstone to which I've come, Odysseus will return. You'll be on hand to see, if you care to see it, how those who lord it here will be cut down. Bend and string it if you can.
Who sends an arrow through iron axe-helve sockets twelve in line? I join my life with his and leave this place, my home, my rich and beautiful bridal house, forever to be remembered, though I dream it only. We sat still in the inner rooms holding our breath, and marveling, shut in, until Telemakhos came to the door and called me- your own dear son, sent this time by his father! Odysseus told of what hard blows he had dealt to others and of what blows he had taken-all that story.
He drilled the axeheads clean, sprang, and decanted arrows on the door sill, glared, and drew again. This time he killed Antinous.Troy Story: The Odyssey (2/2)