Relationship of hiv and other stis

STIs and HIV: The Tie and Why It Matters -

relationship of hiv and other stis

STDs are infections that are passed on through the close, intimate getting HIV, or passing HIV to others if an HIV-infected person has an STD. Fact sheets about HIV/AIDS treatment information, the prevention of mother-to- child What is the connection between HIV and other STDs?. Some of the infectious agents, such as HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis, can also be There is no evidence that HIV or other sexually transmitted infections can be.

relationship of hiv and other stis

GUD is a term that covers any visible external ulcer or sore, which can be caused by herpes, syphilis, chancroid, candida or several non-sexually transmitted conditions. Ulcerative STIs, such as syphilis, herpes and chancroid, cause lesions on the genitals and anus that may serve as ports of entry or exit for HIV.

Inflammatory ones, such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia and bacterial vaginosis, cause the mucosa of the urethra, cervix and rectum to become inflamed.

relationship of hiv and other stis

This makes it not only more fragile and likely to tear and bleed, but greatly increases the numbers of HIV-receptive or HIV-productive immune cells in the area. Inflammation also increases levels of circulating cytokines, immune-stimulating chemicals that activate T-cells.

This is for two reasons: STI treatment is, of course, a good thing in itself, especially as some STIs such as syphilis are lethal if left untreated, while others can cause infertility. Moreover, another motive for treating STIs as an HIV-preventative measure is that it could be, if efficacious, very cost-effective. Drugs such as aciclovir, for herpes, are cheap, safe and easily available.

relationship of hiv and other stis

Aciclovir is the international spelling of this drug; in the US it is usually spelt acyclovir. Treating all HIV-negative people in a population.

Inter-relationships between HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Treating all HIV-positive people in a population. References Boily M-C et al. Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: Improving the control of STIs—what can we do? STIs can be painful, unpleasant and, in some cases, cause serious complications, such as anal and cervical cancer and infertility.

Some STIs can also cause problems during pregnancy and be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her baby during birth.

The link between sexually transmitted infections and HIV

Community-based organizations have a key role to play in preventing the spread of STIs and encouraging people to get tested and treated.

Community-based organizations can contribute to the control of STIs in various ways: Several awareness campaigns have been developed across Canada.

  • Inter-relationships between HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Counselling and educational workshops During counselling and group workshops, community-based organizations can communicate key messages about the prevention and management of STIs, for example: Condoms female and male condomswhen used correctly, are the most effective method of preventing the transmission of STIs and HIV.

If a person tests positive for HIV they should be tested for STIs, and vice versa If a person suspects they are infected with an STI, they should get tested and, if they test positive, seek treatment as soon as possible.

STIs and HIV: The Tie and Why It Matters

Although only some STIs are curable, they are all treatable. Management of incurable STIs—such as herpes and genital warts—through treatment may help reduce inflammation and other symptoms, as well as the risk of HIV and STI transmission. Advocacy Advocacy may be needed to improve access to appropriate and non-judgmental sexual health services, particularly for marginalized populations and people who live in rural areas. Conclusion STIs are on the rise in Canada, and remain an important public health concern.

relationship of hiv and other stis