Sea Anemone and Clownfish relationship Commensalism - Future Tech Report
Symbiotic Relationships: Mutualism, Commensalism & Parasitism . only about 10 species of sea anemones have a symbiotic relationship with. Symbiosis is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different The clownfish is protected from predators by the anemone's stinging cells, to which the clownfish is immune. .. Cleaning symbiosis is well-known among marine fish, where some small species of cleaner fish, notably wrasses but. Great Barrier ReefMutualism- Anemone- Algae- Orange Coral Crab Commensalism- Sea Cucumber- Decorator Crab- Glass Sea Anemones are predators that attach themselves to rocks or coral. Clownfish are one of the only species that can survive the deadly sting of the Sea Anemone. Relationship: Mutualism.
Clownfish have a special relationship with the anemone and are very important to them.
They are a large help to the anemone as they clean the anemone by eating the algae and other food leftovers on them. They also protect the sea anemones by chasing away polyp-eating fish, such as the butterfly fish. The map below shows where in the world clownfish can be found.
- Sea Anemone and Clownfish relationship Commensalism
They live in the warmer waters of the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean. There are no clownfish in the Caribbean. What is the Life Cycle of the Clownfish?
Symbiosis - Wikipedia
The spawning season of the clownfish, a time when they breed, is year round in tropical waters. Males attract the females by courting. Courting behaviours include chasing, biting and extending fins.
Clownfish lay their eggs in batches on coral, rock or next to the sea anemone that they call home. The male clownfish will build a nest on the rock or coral near the anemone in order to be provided with protection from predators. Breeding starts by the male chasing the female to the nest where the eggs are released. One hundred to one thousand eggs are laid. The male clownfish guards and protects the eggs until they hatch.
They hatch within 4 to 5 days. What are Some Special Characteristics of the Clownfish?
In a group of clownfish, there is a strict hierarchy of dominance. Parasitism is an extremely successful mode of life; as many as half of all animals have at least one parasitic phase in their life cycles, and it is also frequent in plants and fungi. Moreover, almost all free-living animal species are hosts to parasites, often of more than one species. Mimicry Mimicry is a form of symbiosis in which a species adopts distinct characteristics of another species to alter its relationship dynamic with the species being mimicked, to its own advantage.
Batesian mimicry is an exploitative three-party interaction where one species, the mimic, has evolved to mimic another, the model, to deceive a third, the dupe. In terms of signalling theorythe mimic and model have evolved to send a signal; the dupe has evolved to receive it from the model. This is to the advantage of the mimic but to the detriment of both the model, whose protective signals are effectively weakened, and of the dupe, which is deprived of an edible prey.
For example, a wasp is a strongly-defended model, which signals with its conspicuous black and yellow coloration that it is an unprofitable prey to predators such as birds which hunt by sight; many hoverflies are Batesian mimics of wasps, and any bird that avoids these hoverflies is a dupe. Amensalism is an asymmetric interaction where one species is harmed or killed by the other, and one is unaffected by the other.
There are 28 recognised species of clown fish that are found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The clown fish is also found as far north as the Red Sea and inhabits the Great Barrier Reef, on the Australian east coast. The oceans of the world contain over 1, different species of sea anemones.
Symbiosis describes the special relationship between clownfish and sea anemones. They are the only fish that do not get stung by the tentacles of the sea anemone. Clownfish have a slimy mucus covering that protects them from the sea anemone.
However, if this covering is wiped off of a clownfish, it will get stung and possibly be killed when it returns home to the anemone. The clownfish and the sea anemone help each other survive in the ocean. The clownfish, while being provided with food, cleans away fish and algae leftovers from the anemone.
In addition, the sea anemones are given better water circulation because the clownfish fan their fins while swimming about. The clown fish and the sea anemone have a mutual relationship with one another: Clown fish also provide the sea anemone with its excrement which makes up a large portion of the sea anemone diet alone.
Also, the clown fish aid the sea anemone by using their bright colored gills to lure fish and other organisms into the sea anemone so the anemone can capture the lured prey.
Finally, the sea anemones profit from the clown fish by getting better water circulation throughout their whole body because the clown fish are constantly swimming throughout their tentacles.