Sitting Bull - Wikipedia
In , Crazy Horse took part in a raid with Sitting Bull against soldiers, where his horse was shot out beneath him after he made a. Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to After working as a performer with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, Sitting Bull returned to the Standing Rock Agency in South Dakota. .. As Lt. Bullhead ordered Sitting Bull to mount a horse, he said the Indian Affairs agent needed to. Crazy Horse was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota in the 19th century. .. Crazy Horse's first cousin and son of Lone Horn, was sitting in the teepee .. and the Final Surrender of Sitting Bull (), Black Elk Speaks () .
Then tie a red cloth on the end of a stick, wave that and attract the attention of the antelope. Soon they will start off going in a circular course around the flag, gradually coming closer until they get up very close, when the hunters let fly their arrows, bringing some of them down.
How they Catch Eagles Eagles are very hard to shoot as they always fly very high. The Indians go to the top of some very high hill, near where they think there are eagle's nests.
There they dig a hole in the ground large enough for a man to get into. They cover it all over with pine boughs and brush so the eagle cannot see that there is anything there out a pile of brush. The Indian then ties a live rabbit to the brush pile aver the hole. Soon some eagle flying over spies the rabbit. He will circle around two or three times and dive down and seize the rabbit with his talons.
Then the Indian reaches up through the brush and grabs the eagle by the legs and pulls him down into the hole. They often catch several eagles in one day. Two large eagles are worth a horse with them. The tail feathers are worth one dollar each. Kills on Horseback was brother-in-law to the great Sioux chief Spotted Tail, and was a witness to Spotted Tail's murder by a fellow Sioux in How They Cure Meat in Summer.
The altitude where these people live is about from 3 to 4 thousand feet above the sea. The air is so pure that meat hung out in the hot sun will cure without spoiling. They seldom ever use any salt on their meat. Courting and Marriage When a young man sees a girl he wants to marry, he will manage to meet her out on the prairie, then throw his blanket over her head and talk to her. They will keep this up until the matter is settled. Then the young man will make some presents to the girl's mother — usually from two to ten horses, with some money or blankets — whatever he has.
Then the relatives of the young couple will get together and have a feast and dance, at which time the young man will make a speech and tell the people there assembled that he takes this young woman as his wife for all time. Then he strikes the drum with a stick, which is the same as signing a contract. The young woman goes through the same performance, which concludes the marriage ceremony, after which they feast and dance until morning. Divorce Should the married couple become separated for some cause and cannot live together pleasantly; the man or woman has a right to give the other a divorce.
Should a woman go off and leave her husband, the next time there is a dance in the village, or a large gathering of the people, the young man will make a speech and tell the people that his wife has gone off and left him, that he throws her away, and anyone can have her. Should the man go off, the wife does the same thing, likewise striking the drum, which cancels the contract.
The dead are usually wrapped up in buffalo skins, or blankets, and placed upon scaffolds made by driving four stakes into the ground, and laying poles across the top of them about 7 feet from the ground.
The air is so pure that no smell comes from the corpse. They gradually dry up so that nothing but bones remain. Children are often tied up in the branches of small trees, away from wild animals. How They Signal in Time of War. Waving a blanket is the most common way. Certain motions of a blanket signify certain movements - almost the same as used by our signal service.
In the night they use a fire brand to convey their signals. Now that they can buy looking glasses, they use them in the day-time when the sun shines.
By flashing them in the sun they can be seen for miles. How They Get Names. A Sioux Indian will not tell you his name; he will travel half a day to find someone to tell you. Should he speak his own name it would be a sure sign of bad luck. The names given to children they generally carry until they are young men; then by some act or deed the name is usually changed. They often name after some kind of bear or eagle. The following are common names: The following names for women are quite common; they do not change their names when they marry: How They Tan Skins They usually use ashes and the brains of the animals killed, together with very much work with their hands, rubbing the leather until it is very soft.
They dig a hole in the ground in the center of the tepee about one foot deep and a foot wide, which they usually keep filled with fire.
This warms the tent and furnishes the fire for cooking over. Their beds are made of buffalo robes, blankets, and pine boughs or leaves, gathered when dry. Their clothing was formerly made of buffalo skins in winter. So many winters have passed since he was at a certain camp; so many more to some other camp, and at a certain camp his mother said he was 16 years old, the time he became a young man.
They keep time by so many winters, or from the winter that they fought the Pawnees or the Crows, or some particular event. Their Form of Worship The Sioux pray and sing to the Great Spirit, or God as we call the great controlling power of this universe, with the same words in their prayers and songs as we have.
10 Things You May Not Know About Sitting Bull - HISTORY
The Medicine Men or holy men devote their time to healing the sick, and praying and singing with those in sickness and trouble. The Medicine Man is fed and clothed by his tribe. They are not expected to go to war or hunt.
The cures performed by these men with their curious ways are very strange to white people who are ignorant of many of the laws of nature. Those wild, uncivilized people can teach us many things in regard to nature's laws. In our ignorance we ate liable to condemn them. As our little book is limited, we will make it brief. Custer learned that the Sioux were camped on the Little Big Horn River, he made a forced march of 84 miles, day and night, to attack their camp and kill them before any of the others of Gen.
Terry's command could come up. He made the attack in person with men, leaving in reserve under Major Reno. The Indians met him and killed his entire party. The Indians lost about 46 killed and about wounded. Had Custer obeyed orders and waited until the command all came up, they could have forced the Indians to come in as prisoners, and thereby ended the Sioux war.
But his haste to get all the glory of killing these people, led him to make the attack against the orders of his superior officers. They may be soldiers. They were soon to find out. When Native Americans were threatened by the United States, numerous members from various Sioux bands and other tribes, such as the North Cheyenne, came to Sitting Bull's camp. His reputation for "strong medicine" developed as he continued to evade the European Americans. After the January 1st ultimatum ofwhen the US Army began to track down as hostiles those Sioux and others living off the reservation, Native Americans gathered at Sitting Bull's camp.
He took an active role in encouraging this "unity camp". He sent scouts to the reservations to recruit warriors, and told the Hunkpapa to share supplies with those Native Americans who joined them.
They had been impoverished by Captain Reynold's March 17, attack and fled to Sitting Bull's camp for safety. His leadership had attracted warriors and families, creating an extensive village estimated at more than 10, people.
Custer came across this large camp on June 25, Sitting Bull did not take a direct military role in the ensuing battle; instead he acted as a spiritual leader. A week prior to the attack, he had performed the Sun Dance, in which he fasted and sacrificed over pieces of flesh from his arms.
Crazy Horse - HISTORY
Army did not realize how large the camp was. More than 2, Native American warriors had left their reservations to follow Sitting Bull. Inspired by a vision of Sitting Bull's, in which he saw U. Custer's badly outnumbered troops lost ground quickly and were forced to retreat. The tribes led a counter-attack against the soldiers on a nearby ridge, ultimately annihilating them. Public shock and outrage at Custer's death and defeat, and the government's knowledge about the remaining Sioux, led them to assign thousands more soldiers to the area.
Over the next year, the new American military forces pursued the Lakota, forcing many of the Native Americans to surrender.
Sitting Bull refused to surrender and in May led his band across the border into the North-Western TerritoryCanada. He remained in exile for four years near Wood Mountainrefusing a pardon and the chance to return.
Walsh emphasized that he enforced the law equally and that every person in the territory had a right to justice. Walsh became an advocate for Sitting Bull and the two became good friends for the remainder of their lives. Sitting Bull wished to make peace with the Blackfeet Nation and Crowfoot. As an advocate for peace himself, Crowfoot eagerly accepted the tobacco peace offering. Sitting Bull was so impressed by Crowfoot that he named one of his sons after him.
Due to the smaller size of the buffalo herds in Canada, Sitting Bull and his men found it difficult to find enough food to feed his people, who were starving and exhausted. Sitting Bull's presence in the country led to increased tensions between the Canadian and the United States governments. Brotherton, "I wish it to be remembered that I was the last man of my tribe to surrender my rifle.
Two weeks later, after waiting in vain for other members of his tribe to follow him from Canada, the Army transferred Sitting Bull and his band to Fort Yatesthe military post located adjacent to the Standing Rock Agency. This reservation straddles the present-day boundary between North and South Dakota.
Army officials were concerned that he would stir up trouble among the recently surrendered northern bands. On August 26,he was visited by census taker William T. Selwyn, who counted twelve people in the Hunkpapa leader's immediate family. Forty-one families, totaling people, were recorded in Sitting Bull's band. Loaded onto a steamboatthe band of people was sent down the Missouri River to Fort Randall near present-day Pickstown, South Dakota on the southern border of the state.
There they spent the next 20 months. They were allowed to return north to the Standing Rock Agency in May There is no immediate prospect of such ceremony so far as I am aware. The show was called the "Sitting Bull Connection. Oakley stated that Sitting Bull made a "great pet" of her. Oakley was quite modest in her attire, deeply respectful of others, and had a remarkable stage persona despite being a woman who stood only five feet in height.
Sitting Bull felt that she was "gifted" by supernatural means in order to shoot so accurately with both hands. As a result of his esteem, he symbolically "adopted" her as a daughter in He named her "Little Sure Shot" — a name that Oakley used throughout her career. Although it is rumored that he cursed his audiences in his native tongue during the show, the historian Utley contends that he did not.
During that time, audiences considered him a celebrity and romanticized him as a warrior. He earned a small fortune by charging for his autograph and picture, although he often gave his money away to the homeless and beggars. Tension between Sitting Bull and Agent McLaughlin increased and each became more wary of the other over several issues including division and sale of parts of the Great Sioux Reservation. She joined him, together with her young son Christy at his compound on the Grand River, sharing with him and his family home and hearth.
This was a time of severe conditions of harsh winters and long droughts impacting the Sioux Reservation. It was known as the "Ghost Dance Movement", because it called on the Indians to dance and chant for the rising up of deceased relatives and return of the buffalo. When the movement reached Standing Rock, Sitting Bull allowed the dancers to gather at his camp.
Although he did not appear to participate in the dancing, he was viewed as a key instigator.
Alarm spread to nearby white settlements as the Sioux added a new feature to the dance — shirts that were said to stop bullets.