Politics of Guam - Wikipedia
AJ+ travels to Guam to speak to residents about voting rights, SPAM, and their history of colonisation. Trình duyệt của bạn hiện không nhận ra bất kỳ định dạng video khả dụng nào. Many people on Guam, and in other US territories, say they are treated as. The question before a panel of U.S. appeals court judges: Should non-native residents of Guam have a say in the territory's future relationship. The tiny western Pacific island of Guam has been a U.S. territory for over a century, and is considered a strategically important link between the.
Facilities include public, private, and military hospitals and local clinics. Life expectancies for men and women are roughly comparable to those of the United States.
The main causes of death include heart diseasecancers, cerebrovascular diseases, and accidents. Cultural life Guam is culturally diversewith Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Korean, and other Asian communities of significant size in addition to its indigenous population and people from the mainland United States. As a centre of transportation and communication for the region, it also attracts many islanders from various parts of Micronesia.
Guam’s Political Status
A large American-style shopping mall in Dededo, the Micronesia Mall, is the largest shopping centre on the island and also serves as a cultural and recreational venuewith movie theatres and an indoor amusement park. Before World War II the villages were the main social and economic units, preserving customs and traditions similar to those of 19th-century Spain.
- Where is Guam and what is its relationship to the U.S.? Key facts about Guam
- How the United States Ended Up With Guam
- Politics of Guam
Fiestas held in commemoration of patron saints were great social and religious events of the year for each village and brought together people from many parts of the island. Fiesta customs are still observed in Guam.
» Guam’s Political Status
However, changes in the social life and institutions of Guamanians have come about with economic development and increasing international contacts. The extended family is the main social unit for most groups on Guam, although many of the younger members travel and live in the United States. The folk arts and handicrafts of Guam have enjoyed a revival since the late 20th century. Various public and private groups have been created to promote music, dance, and other traditional cultural arts for the benefit of both the local community and tourists.
The University of Guam also promotes regional arts and culture. There are daily and semiweekly newspapers and quarterly and monthly magazines published on Guam, and several radio and television stations broadcast local and international news and features daily. History Guam, like the other Mariana Islandswas settled by the second quarter of the 2nd millennium bce by an Indonesian-Filipino people.
Archaeological research shows that by ce they had developed a complex society that erected elaborate stone pillars halegewhich served as supports for communal houses latte. Ferdinand Magellan probably landed on Guam in Spain officially claimed the island in but did not attempt to conquer it until the latter part of the 17th century.
After an uprising in and 25 years of intermittent warfare, the Spanish subdued the population with considerable bloodshed. Diseases introduced by the Europeans, particularly smallpox and influenzaalso played an important role in the decimation of the population. Typhoons in and caused further destruction and loss of life. Guam remained a Spanish possession untilwhen, in the course of the Spanish-American Warthe U.
Guam was ceded to the United Statesand Spain sold the other islands of the Marianas to Germany in From that time until except for the period of its occupation by the Japanese during World War II the governor of the island was a naval officer appointed by the president of the United States.
Allied forces retook Guam by August 10, It was a major air and naval base for the squadrons of bombers that attacked Japan near the end of the war. Under the jurisdiction of the U. Navyit was made a territory that was administered by the U. Department of the Interior.
Various offices within that department have administered Guam; the Office of Insular Affairs has had responsibility since Guam remains the site of major U. In the s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office inand in Guam was given the right to send one nonvoting delegate entitled to vote in committees, however to the U.
In the U. Senate accorded Guam the right to adopt a territorial constitution. Inin a referendum offering six options, the option of commonwealth status won a plurality of votes. A draft Commonwealth Act was approved inand negotiations regarding its status continued into the 21st century. Quoting United Nations documents, the Treaty of Paris which referred only to political rights of native inhabitantsadvocates of Chamorro self-determination steered the discussion in a new direction.
The commission held four referenda. The first two were to decide which option to pursue. Statehood and commonwealth won in the first referendum with commonwealth beating out statehood which was seen as impractical. The commission then drafted a commonwealth measure to present to Congress.
Rather than having the document discussed in process, it was decided to prepare and ratify the document on Guam before submission. The draft was ratified in two votes in and included provisions that would limit immigration, hold a Chamorro self-determination process and allow for mutual consent in changing the document.
These provisions became bones of contention when Guam representatives had to deal with federal officials.USA Guam island threat by North Korea - Origin, geopolitics, international relations
The document was introduced in Congress four different times under the leadership of Congressmen Ben Blaz and Robert Underwood and received two hearings and Federal officials under the Bush and Clinton administrations were consistent in their opposition to Chamorro Self-Determination and mutual consent and the bills were never reported out of committee.
The discussions between the Commission on Self Determination and federal representatives never yielded a final agreement. In response to the lack of movement, the Guam Legislature created a Chamorro Registry for the eventual exercise of Chamorro self-determination with or without Congressional authorization.
A new Commission on the Decolonization of Guam was established to move the process forward in advance of any formal discussion with the federal government.
Status questions unresolved Public support and interest has waned and political leadership has been uninvolved in the process.
Felix Camacho, governor fromwrote letters to Congress about a potential new constitutional convention, but has not been active in either the Commission on Self Determination or Decolonization.
Guam Congresswoman Bordallo has been silent on the matter to date. Governor Eddie Calvo says he will take an active stance on decolonization and reconvened the Commission on Decolonization. Commission director Ed Alvarez said funding is currently being sought for a public education campaign to be followed by an eventual vote. Today, the political status of Guam is basically the same as it was at the time the island was ceded to the US by Spain.
Guam remains an unincorporated territory that is not on a track to statehood. There are many incremental steps that have improved conditions and federal-territorial relations are governed more by domestic concerns like inclusion in domestic programs rather than disputes over authority that can be resolved through political status.
At times, this desire will appear dormant while it will spring to life as it did in the s and s and s and s. But the issues remain difficult. Should there be a formal mechanism like a plebiscite to consult the will of the Chamorro people? As the Chamorro population of Guam dwindles to less than 50 percent, the issue seems more urgent than ever. Does Guam have the right to independence and self-determination as the United Nations claims all small non-self-governing territories do?