US-Turkey Relations: From Alliance to Crisis
Aug 10, President Trump doubled the tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum on Friday, causing the Turkish lira to plunge by 16%. The higher tariffs come. Apr 2, Ties between Russia and Turkey are growing closer than ever. an attempted coup in that Turkey blames on a U.S.-based Islamic cleric. Aug 7, This piece is part of a two-part series on current US-Turkey relations. between the United States and Turkey, Turkish-Russian relations.
August 7, US-Turkey Relations: See the other piece here. Kennedy was killed, or when they fought shoulder to shoulder together during the Korean War.
How did such a great alliance turn into a cold shoulder? The historically strong US-Turkey relationship has been tested in recent years by a seemingly never-ending series of disagreements and crises.
In familiar dance, Turkey warms to Russia as US ties unravel
After each development, commentators claim again and again that US-Turkey relations have never been so bad. Each point of conflict seems to make relations that much worse and the recent sanctions on two Turkish ministers have initiated a new wave of such claims.
The roots of the current disagreements between the United States and Turkey began during the final years of the Obama administration. Turkey makes no distinction between the two groups and has repeatedly decried the strategy of using one terrorist organization, the PKK, to fight another, ISIS.
For the United States, the need to find an effective ground force with which to combat ISIS overrode any other concerns. While tensions over Syria have unfolded over the course of several years, a number of other issues have emerged recently. Obama stressed the importance of normalizing relations between Turkey and Israel and praised the steps Erdogan had taken in that process.
The process normalizing the Turkish-Israeli relationship had slowly begun and Erdogan stated that he would continue this process: Turkey has considered the YPG fighters as "terrorists". Turkey overtly defied American orders of ceasing Turkey's military bombardment of the YPG fighters in their bid to take the town of Azaz in northern Syria.
Signs of strain were then displayed when Barack Obama refused to have a formal meeting with Erdogan when the latter visited the United States in March Due to perceptions that former U. Central Command chief Joseph Votel of "siding with coup plotters",  after Votel accused the Turkish government of arresting the Pentagon's contacts in Turkey.
Army General John F. Campbellwas the "mastermind" behind the coup attempt in Turkey. He was arrested under "terror charges" by an Istanbul court, state media Anadolu said. Topuz is the second US government employee in Turkey to be arrested in Turkey retaliated against the US with suspensions of all US visas, including tourist visas, shortly after the US State Department made their announcement. This experience also convinced many in Turkey that Washington favors an independent Kurdistan next door—a sentiment so pervasive that a decade later, it was enough to scare the Turkish parliament away from allowing U.
Yet, Washington made allies with it in Syria, while the Europeans have been allowing it to operate freely in their countries for decades.
A similar dynamic was at play in the S deala crisis that was by no means inevitable. It is no secret that Ankara has high ambitions for its defense industry.Russia-Turkey relations have "fully recovered" - Putin
The country is already investing billions into building its own battle tank, combat warship, and fifth-generation fighter jet. Nonetheless, they gave Ankara the cold shoulder. Also worth mentioning is the matter of Fethullah Gulen, the controversial cleric Ankara holds responsible for a failed coup attempt in At the height of his power, Gulen had millions of followers worldwide and controlled billions of dollars in assets.
He was a powerful ally to Erdogan in his early years and instrumental in the success of his campaign against the secular military establishment. Gulen is almost universally unpopular in Turkey. Even years before the failed coup, his favorability ratings were on par with PKK founder Abdullah Ocalan. Vice President Mike Pence, leaves many Turks thinking that their country needs no enemies when it has friends like these.
Those bidding good riddance to Turkey should be careful what they wish for.
Turkey–United States relations
Despite the challenges aplenty, Turkey drifting away from the West would be geopolitical mistake of enormous proportions. Finding a substitute for Turkey is not easy. The risks of cutting it loose are not few.