Continental Congress | American history | dubaiairporthotel.info
The First Continental Congress took place from September 5 through October 26, Delegates from each colony, except Georgia, met at Carpenter's Hall in. The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies who met from September 5 to October 26, , at Carpenters' . On September 5, , the first Continental Congress in the United States met in Philadelphia to consider its reaction to the British.
The Administration of Justice Act authorized the governor to send indicted government officials to other colonies or to London for trial. The Quartering Act, which applied to all of the North American colonies, was designed to provide shelter for the British troops, allowing them to be housed in private buildings.
In this British political cartoon, which was reprinted in the American colonies, notable members of Parliament hold down an allegorical figure of America and force tea down her throat. Library of Congress Forging unity: Delegates from all of the colonies except Georgia gathered in Philadelphia for the First Continental Congress in the autumn of The purpose of the Congress was to show support for Boston and to work out a unified approach to the British.
First Continental Congress
Nevertheless, divisions plagued the colonies. Though the congress agreed to implement a boycott of British imported goods, the northern and southern colonies argued fiercely over a measure to ban all exports to Britain. The southern colonies were economically dependent on revenues from their exports of raw materials such as cotton and rice to the motherland.
The delegates ultimately reached a compromise, agreeing that all exports to Britain, Ireland, and the British West Indies would be banned after a year, starting in September This would give the southern colonies some time to prepare for the economic impact of the export ban. After proclaiming these measures, the First Continental Congress disbanded on October 26, The British army in Boston had met with armed resistance on the morning of April 19,when it marched out to the towns of Lexington and Concord to seize a cache of weapons held by colonial Patriots who had ceased to recognize the authority of the royal government of Massachusetts.
The Patriots drove the British expedition back to Boston and laid siege to the town.
- The Intolerable Acts and the First Continental Congress
- The Declaration of Independence
- First Continental Congress convenes
The Revolutionary War had begun. Fighting for Reconciliation Although the Congress professed its abiding loyalty to the British Crown, it also took steps to preserve its rights by dint of arms.
On June 14,a month after it reconvened, it created a united colonial fighting force, the Continental Army. The king dismissed the petition out of hand. Declaring Independence For over a year, the Continental Congress supervised a war against a country to which it proclaimed its loyalty.
In fact, both the Congress and the people it represented were divided on the question of independence even after a year of open warfare against Great Britain. Early ina number of factors began to strengthen the call for separation.
At the same time, many Americans came to realize that their military might not be capable of defeating the British Empire on its own. Meanwhile, the war itself evoked hostility toward Britain among the citizenry, paving the way for independence. In the spring ofthe provisional colonial governments began to send new instructions to their congressional delegates, obliquely or directly allowing them to vote for independence. The provisional government of Virginia went further: It instructed its delegation to submit a proposal for independence before Congress.
American Revolution for Kids: The Continental Congress
Congress postponed a final vote on the proposal until July 1, but appointed a committee to draft a provisional declaration of independence for use should the proposal pass.
The committee consisted of five men, including John Adams and Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania.
But the declaration was primarily the work of one man, Thomas Jefferson, who penned an eloquent defense of the natural rights of all people, of which, he charged, Parliament and the king had tried to deprive the American nation. Waging the War The Declaration of Independence allowed Congress to seek alliances with foreign countries, and the fledgling U.
Lacking a pre-existing infrastructure, Congress struggled throughout the war to provide the Continental Army with adequate supplies and provisions.