Moreover, body mass composition and the level of physical activity were evaluated. . the computer defined the parameters describing the body posture. . Children with healthy body fat obtained higher scores than those. Body composition refers to the amount of relative fat to muscle you have in your body, measured by body fat percent. A healthy body composition is one that includes a lower percentage of body What Is Body Composition? Fat, water and lean tissue impede the current difference to give the reading. in attempting to preserve lean body mass, what is the relationship of composition refers to the amount of lean body mass (muscle) and fat.
DEXA is a direct method of measuring body adiposity but it is expensive and cannot be used in epidemiological studies because of the time and financial implications. However, BMI, as compared to weight and height, is just an index of weight excess, rather than body fatness compositions 16 and does not differentiate between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass, nor does it provide any indications for the distribution of fat among individuals. BIA has been shown to measure body fat accurately in both resource limited areas and epidemiological studies.
It is based on the principle that lean tissue, which contains large amount of water and electrolytes, is a good electrical conductor and fat, which is anhydrous, is a poor conductor.
Studies have been carried out on the use of BIA to assess body compositions: Most epidemiological studies use BMI as the method of estimation for overweight and obesity. There is a need to compare BMI to other field methods because of its limitations; and a field method, such as BIA, may be more appropriate because it distinguishes between fat and lean body mass.
This study also examined the nature of the relationship i. Materials and Methods Participants and design This was a cross-sectional survey design of a household-based sample of adults 18 years and older using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique to recruit subjects. The research setting was the Alimosho local government area of Lagos State, Nigeria, with a population of 1, Using the WHO 25 guidelines for conducting community surveys, five out of eleven political wards into which Alimosho area is divided were randomly chosen and three census enumeration areas EAs were randomly selected in each of the five chosen political wards.
Informed written consent was provided by the participants after the details of the study were thoroughly explained.
Confidentiality and anonymity were ensured and results of each of the subjects were presented to them. Participants with high blood pressure and BMI were advised to seek medical interventions.What BMI doesn't tell you about your health
Weight was measured with minimum clothes using a calibrated electronic scale with digital readout secaGermany to the nearest 0. The system consisted of two handgrips with two electrodes each and a footplate with four electrodes. All procedures carried out according to manufacturer instructions [ 20 ].
The electrodes between the left and right grips were short-circuited, along with those for the left and right feet.
BioMed Research International
Study subjects stood on the footplate and gently grasped the two handgrips with arms held straight forward at 90 degrees. During the measurement, the instrument recorded whole body impedance from the hands to the feet by applying an electric alternating current flux of 0.
Whole-body composition was estimated using standard equations provided by the BIA manufacturer. Statistical analysis Subjects were grouped into males and females. General linear model analysis was first used. This was performed in males and females separately. Statistical analysis of data was carried out using the SPSS version USA software for Windows.
The photogrammetric image was recorded after marking all the essential points and positioning the child with his or her back to the camera.
Based on the marked points, the computer defined the parameters describing the body posture. Photogrammetric survey sample is presented in Figure 1. Anthropometric Measurements and Bioelectrical Impedance The body height was measured to the nearest 0.
The body mass was determined to the nearest 0. The measurements were performed under standard conditions, with subjects dressed in underwear, assuming upright and straight body posture, and bare feet.
Body mass index BMI was calculated by dividing the average body mass kg of each individual by his or her average squared height m2.
What is the correlation between body fat and body weight?
BMI values were transferred to suitable ranges of percentile bands. The applied centile grids for gender and age were developed in the framework of the Polish project entitled OLAF [ 24 ].
- There was a problem providing the content you requested
- Body composition and mental health: healthy body, healthy mind
Based on the obtained percentile ranking, BMI status was classified into the following four categories: Foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis BIA has been used to estimate body composition. The body composition analyzer BC, Tanita has been used. Differences in the parameters characterizing posture depending on the percentage of muscle tissue were assessed.
For this purpose, children were divided into 3 groups: We also assessed whether there are differences in the parameters characterizing posture, depending on the percentage of body fat. Therefore, two groups of children were distinguished: The questionnaire includes questions on physical activity undertaken in last 7 days. Final result is the average value of the scored points; higher scores correspond to a higher level of physical activity [ 29 ].
The children were classified into two groups based of the PAQ score: The differences between variables were verified using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests, adopting the significance level at. Calculations were performed by means of SPSS software. In this study, the basic descriptive statistics applied for all tested parameters were mean [ ] and standard deviation [SD].
Results General characteristics of the children are presented in Table 1. The mean age of the children was Differences in anthropometric parameters, body composition, and physical activity in relation to sex. The mean body height in the group was The average body mass in the children was It was found that the average body mass was significantly higher in boys than girls Mean BMI in the study group was The majority of examined children had a healthy weight, 25 was overweight, and 10 were obese.
The average percentage of body fat was The girls had statistically significant higher percentage of body fat compared to boys Average body fat mass was at Excess body fat had 25 girls and 19 boys.
Body composition and mental health: healthy body, healthy mind – Food and Mood Centre
The average muscle mass in the children was Statistically significant higher muscle mass was found in boys than girls The average percentage of muscle in the children was A higher percentage of muscle was found in boys than girls This result was also statistically significant.
The overall level of physical activity measured with PAQ-C in girls and boys was at a similar level 2. The studies have shown that girls and boys differed in three out of 14 analyzed postural parameters Table 2. It was found that the depth of thoracic kyphosis GKP in girls was significantly greater than boys This means asymmetry in shoulder setting left shoulder was higher than the right one which was more severe among boys than girls.
In addition, statistically significant differences in the values of UL parameter between girls and boys 2. This means that the inferior angle of the right scapula in girls is higher than in the left one and vice versa in boys: Differences in the values of postural parameters depending on sex. The analysis of differences in the parameters characterizing posture showed statistically significant differences in the values of UL parameter between the groups of children, depending on the percentage of muscle mass.
UL standard value in children with the least content of muscle tissue between I and III quartiles was 2. This means that children with the highest content of muscle tissue show the smallest difference in the arrangements of the lower angles of the scapulas the inferior angle of the right scapula is higher than the inferior angle of the left scapula by 0.
In contrast, children with the lowest content of muscle tissue are characterized by the biggest difference in the arrangement of the inferior angles of the scapulas the inferior angle of the right scapula is higher than the inferior angle of the left scapula by 2.
Differences in the postural parameters depending on the percentage of muscle tissue. The results of the postural parameters analyses concerning the percentage of body fat are shown in Table 4. We observed that BETA value in subjects with healthy body fat was higher than in those with excessive fat content 6.
What is the correlation between body fat and body weight? | Body Mass Index (BMI) - Sharecare
A similar pattern was detected in case of UB parameter. Differences in the postural parameters depending on the percentage of body fat. Analysis of the incidence of differences in the postural parameters, depending on the level of physical activity, showed one statistically significant relationship Table 5. Children with a high level of physical activity were characterized by smaller inclination of the body KTP as compared to those with low levels of physical activity 6.
Differences in the postural parameters, depending on the level of physical activity. Discussion Childhood obesity is a risk factor for several dysfunctions and diseases, with negative effects on morphology of the locomotor system, plantar pressure, and body stability.
According to the World Health Organization, there are currently 42 million overweight and obese infants and young children worldwide.