for action in order for the UK to improve its record on children in contact with the police or youth justice recognised that relationships between children. Read MUTUAL RESPECT: Police and youth work and the latest children services More important, as he developed a relationship with the young people. Attempts to improve the relationship between police and young people are at the forefront of contemporary discourses on how best to secure.
Moreover, the lack of consistent and real accountability for police mistreatment and brutality has led to a continuation of this unjust system. Below we have made recommendations for reform and detailed the reasoning behind them in our background information following the recommendations.
We have suggested in italics below whether these recommendations would be most useful at the federal, state, or local level — note that several could be helpful at more than one level. Arrest Policies Many of these policies may be more easily enacted at the local level, at least initially, with the potential for future state-wide implementation.
Work with law enforcement agencies, school systems and policy makers to develop alternatives to arrest and school suspension as well as policies that will strictly limit arrests and suspensions for minor offenses and disruptive behavior. Work towards statutory limitations on arrests and suspensions for minor offenses. Prohibit police officers from being stationed in schools to enforce school discipline and return discipline to school social workers and administration.
State level Determine the differences in policing and diversion practices across the state by collecting, analyzing, and making publicly available local data on policing practices of youth in communities throughout the state, including arrest, diversion, and use of force. Data should be disaggregated by neighborhood, race, ethnicity, disability, [xxiii] gender, nationality, and sexual identity. Require law enforcement to collect data on all stops and searches traffic and pedestrian in all circumstances warnings and citations given.
Data should include perceived race, perceived gender, perceived age, perceived nationality, and whether immigration status was inquired about during the stop.
Have youth service cuts led to more crime? - BBC News
The data should be required to be analyzed and made publicly available as well as to be regularly published. This includes requiring the use of body cameras and dashboard cameras, as well as establishing effective civilian oversight structures and removing barriers to reporting police misconduct.
State and local governments should make police misconduct files publicly available and should compile and make available data on police use of force incidents and police-involved deaths. Local level Establish local restrictions that prevent police departments from purchasing or using military weaponry. Examples include youth development community-based centers that provide a safe space for youth and include activities such as after-school and summer day camp programs, arts education, counseling, tutoring, and job and career preparation.
With participatory budgeting processes, community members decide how to spend a portion of a public budget. The budgeting process must center the voices of those most impacted in order to most effectively give marginalized community members power. It prohibits profiling based on race, gender, ethnicity, religion, national origin, sexual orientation or gender.
An effective anti-racial profiling law should also include data collection components see above for our recommendations on data collectionshould outlaw violations of the racial profiling ban with specified penalties, and should allow individuals to seek legal relief through the courts.
These would include policies such as requiring the use of de-escalation techniques with youth, limiting the types of force officers can use with youth, and requiring training on these standards. State oversight should be mandated. Officer training should include engagement with youth in the community which is centered on an understanding that many youth of color have been traumatized by exposure to violence and previous experiences with police.
This community collaboration should include youth participation, and be inclusive and accessible to all, particularly individuals with disabilities and their families. Over-policing and Racial Profiling On the Streets White youth and youth of color are policed differently. They are policed on the street, in the mall, in school, in their homes, and on social media. Police stop black boys on the vaguest of descriptions — "black boys running," "two black males in jeans, one in a gray hoodie," "black male in athletic gear.
For the past five years they have engaged in a study of youth-police interactions on the South Side of Chicago. They found that many law-abiding youth were being stopped by police on a daily basis and often roughly frisked or searched. This both traumatized them and led them to fear rather than trust the police. Yet in the aftermath of the tragic attacks on Sept.
Distorted Perceptions of Youth of Color A further issue compounding the problem of over-policing communities of color is distorted perceptions of youth of color. A study by Prof. In an ideal world, he says there would be a police officer there every time a pod opened.
Although the police do not now have a regular presence, they come along on specific nights if called.
MUTUAL RESPECT: Police and youth work
After two or three disrupted sessions, the youth service might ask the police to talk to people about their behaviour and its consequences. The pod in Carrbrook is a base from which young people have been canoeing, rock climbing, abseiling, doing food projects, alcohol and drugs awareness and art and environmental projects.
When it goes, young people would like a permanent youth base with computers and coffee bar, says part-time worker Lisa Matthews. This is welcome, particularly for those who wouldn't come if the police link was obvious.
On one pod, the Greater Manchester Police badge was graffitied.
On the other hand, it is the bridging effect of the pod that allows a dialogue between young people and police. The pods move on to a new area after a few months, but only after young people and the youth service have devised some form of replacement provision.
Working out this exit strategy is often the hardest part, says Chadwick. Other models of linking police and young people have been tried around the country, but lack of trust characterises many relationships.
Workers from independent company Street Dreams discovered that police surgeries in Oxford were known to young people as "grass day". The rumour was you got paid 50 to give information to the police and if someone was convicted. Street Dreams challenged such views by bringing young people and police together in tense but productive workshops.
Success in Oxford led to a similar project in Banbury, where simmering racial tension had culminated in a night of violence. Adrian Bhatti, community race relations officer for Thames Valley Police, says: Erguvanli explains that although race and hate crime awakened community concern, the cause of tension identified by young people is more likely to be boredom and lack of facilities.
All projects find that identifying problems and solutions is painstaking. Sometimes problems are blown out of proportion. And Tameside sometimes got the siting of the pods wrong, in one case attracting more people than could be coped with. No-one thinks change is easy.
But everyone agrees that building mutual respect is the only way forward. In Oxford, a community beat officer was relocated as a result of dialogue with police. When he was moved, young people were amazed and elated. They are civilian minority communities liaison co-ordinators, part of a police community action team working in the Lund Park youth development network in Keighley, West Yorkshire.
The project began in response to racial tensions running high.
Creating Meaningful Police and Youth of Color Relationships
Last autumn, local press reported a park being a no-go area because of vandalism and drug crime. Residents felt terrorised and groups of young Asian men were blamed. Community meetings debated the problem. But, says Bano, all voices were being heard except those of the young people.
- Creating Meaningful Police and Youth of Color Relationships
- Youth Commission gives voice to young people’s concerns
- Have youth service cuts led to more crime?
She and her colleague went on to the streets to contact them. They booked a room in a local school and invited young men from the Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities to chat. Once trust was established, officers could be introduced.
They know who is behind the uniform. The local community transport service had been targeted for vandalism and arson.
After dialogue, the young men were keen to offer something back to the community and dispel the negative image. They now clean the service's minibuses regularly. And when they are organising a trip, the local community transport offers to take them.
Steven Bramah, 15 It's a place to come with your mates and stay out of trouble with the local residents.