Why Electoral College wins are bigger than popular vote ones
Iowa has six members of Congress, therefore, six electors in the college. These electors vote on a "winner take all" type method where the. Tracing the Relationship Between the Electoral College and Popular Vote. The Electoral College has been a sometimes-confusing, sometimes-controversial, but . Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the between the popular election of the President and congressional selection.
Electoral College Map: Understanding the Difference Between the Popular and Electoral Vote
House of Representatives About this object The contested Presidential election brought Senators, and the electoral certificates under investigation, into the House Chamber. In the modern era, very rarely have electors voted for someone other than for whom they pledged.
Though still rare, electors more commonly changed their vote in the 19th century—particularly on the vote for Vice President. There has been one faithless elector in each of the following elections: A blank ballot was cast in Inseven electors broke with their state on the presidential ballot and six did so on the vice presidential ballot. Procedure Since the midth century, on January 6 at 1: He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results.
House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then declares the name of the next President.
The date of the count was changed in,and Sitting Vice Presidents John C. BreckinridgeRichard NixonHubert Humphreyand Al Gore all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency. Objections Since3 U. During the Joint Session, Members of Congress may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole. An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.
In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes.
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After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions. If they agree to the objection, the votes in question are not counted. If either chamber does not agree with the objection, the votes are counted. Objections to the Electoral College votes were recorded in and The weight given to the votes in Louisiana exactly matched the national average of one.
Two of the largest states, California and New York, came out only slightly below the national average. Votes from Texas, the second most populous state, actually received an above-average weight of 1. Except for Florida, the states with the smallest weights are midsized, with between seven and 20 electoral votes each.
The surprisingly low weights carried by votes in many midsized states are partly explained by the difference between the population — which determines the number of electoral votes — and the actual number of eligible voters in each state. Eligible voters do not include those who are too young to vote, noncitizens and, in some states, prisoners or former prisoners.
But it is voter turnout that primarily explains the low vote weights in states with seven or more electoral votes. In fact, the state-to-state difference in voter turnout was the most important factor in determining the variation of vote weights in midsized and large states in the presidential election. It is hardly surprising that higher turnout within a state decreases the weight accorded to each ballot, because the fixed number of electoral votes for any given state must be shared among the total number of ballots cast.
But it does seem remarkable that the link between turnout and weight is so much stronger than the link between the number of electoral votes and weight.
For example, consider the difference between Oklahoma and Oregon. Both states have seven electoral votes, but their weights, 1. That gave Oklahomans a greater weight per vote in the Electoral College than their fellow citizens in Oregon. In another example, South Carolina saw a relatively low Both states have nine electoral votes.
Trump’s victory another example of how Electoral College wins are bigger than popular vote ones
But, as a consequence of voter turnout, ballots in South Carolina received a weight of 1. As a final example, consider the pair of states with 29 electoral votes each: New York and Florida. Untangling the Electoral College My analysis does not completely capture the many ways in which the Electoral College modifies the influence attached to individual votes.
For example, it does not take into account our winner-take-all system, where all of the electoral votes from each state are awarded to whoever wins the majority of the popular vote.