Relationship between structure and function of arteries veins capillaries

2 2 3 Compare The Structure Of Arteries Capillaries And Vein - Nsb Notes

relationship between structure and function of arteries veins capillaries

The difference in the structural characteristics of arteries, capillaries and veins is attributable to their respective functions. Arteries have thick walls and narrow. Arteries have a thick outer layer of longitudinal collagen and elastic fibers to avoid leaks and bulges. They have a thick wall, which is essential to withstand the. The other system, the systemic vessels, carries blood from the left ventricle to the function, blood vessels are classified as either arteries, capillaries, or veins. numerous of the blood vessels, form the connection between the vessels that.

Oxygenated blood from the lungs is transported to the left side of the heart, into the aorta, then to arteries, arterioles, and finally capillaries where the exchange of nutrients occurs. Loading and unloading of oxygen and nutrients occur mostly in the capillaries.

Shared Structures

Embryology Blood vessels arise from the mesodermal embryonic layer. Fetal circulation through this vasculature system begins around the eighth week of development. Blood vessel formation occurs via two main mechanisms: These endothelial cells then coalesce forming the first hollow blood vessels. All other vasculature in the human body forms by angiogenesis. Interactions involving VEGF drive angiogenesis.

Structure and Function of Blood Vessels | Anatomy & Physiology

This process is the predominant form of neovascularization in the adult. This term translates to mean "vessel of a vessel. Nerves Blood vessels are primarily innervated by the sympathetic nervous system.

The smooth muscles of vasculature contain alpha-1, alpha-2, and beta-2 receptors. A fine balance between the influence of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems is responsible for the underlying physiological vascular tone.

relationship between structure and function of arteries veins capillaries

Blood vessel constriction or relaxation then ensues accordingly determined by the body's sympathetic response. Muscles Blood vessels contain only smooth muscle cells.

  • Explain the relationship between the structure and function of arteries, capillaries and veins.
  • The circulatory system
  • What is the difference between an artery and a vein?

These muscle cells reside within the tunica media along with elastic fibers and connective tissue. Although vessels only contain smooth muscles, the contraction of skeletal muscle plays an important role in the movement of blood from the periphery towards the heart in the venous system. Surgical Considerations Injury to many blood vessels could have potentially serious implications.

Anatomy, Blood Vessels - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

A rule of successful surgery is that a surgical site must have both adequate arterial supply and adequate venous drainage. Lack of either will result in suboptimal outcomes and complications for the patient.

Special consideration must be given to avoid injury to the larger vessels IVC, aorta, etc. Clinical Significance Damage or disease of the blood vessels can cause many diseases including hypertension, aneurysm formation, aneurysm rupture, peripheral vascular disease, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, transient ischemic attack, stroke, and many others.

Some diseases are directly related to inherent vessel disease while others are side effects of vessel disease. Arteries transport blood containing oxygen and nutrients to smaller tubes called arterioles, which then deliver blood to even smaller vessels called capillaries. Capillaries are tiny, thin blood vessels that allow oxygen and nutrients to flow to nearby tissue. After the oxygen and nutrients have been delivered to the body's tissues by the capillaries, another network in the body carries blood back to the heart.

Small tubes called venules pick up the now oxygen-poor blood and transfer it to the veins, which carry it to the heart. Once the blood has returned to the heart and been pumped through the lungs to remove carbon dioxide and receive oxygen, it is pumped back into the rest of the body and starts the process again. Show More Heart and Circulatory System Your circulatory system is made up of your heart and three main types of blood vessels -- arteries, veins and capillaries.

6.2.5 Relationship between structure and function of arteries, veins and capillaries

Your heart is at the center of the system, acting as a pump to distribute nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood t Capillary network Every living cell needs to be close to a capillary. The arteries transport blood from the heart but before entry into the capillaries it needs to pass through smaller vessels called arterioles.

Many arterioles contain a ring of muscle known as a pre-capillary sphincter. When this is contracted the constriction shuts off blood flow to the capillaries, but when it is dilated, blood passes through. Some capillary networks have a shunt vessel.

When the sphincter is constricted blood is diverted along the shunt vessel so the capillary network is by-passed. After the capillary network has permeated an organ the capillaries link into a venule which joins a vein.

Although the pressure of the blood in the capillaries is lower than in the arteries or arterioles, there is still enough pressure to force out some of the liquid part of the blood.

relationship between structure and function of arteries veins capillaries

The liquid part of the blood is called plasma and when it is forced out of the capillaries it is called tissue fluid. This tissue fluid bathes the cells, supplying them with nutrients and taking up waste products. At the venous end of the capillary bed, most of this tissue fluid is reabsorbed back into the capillaries. When the arteriole is dilated vasodilation more heat can be lost from the skin.