Catalog Record: Psychology of intergroup relations | Hathi Trust Digital Library
in the study of intergroup relations between psychological functioning and the social .. , Worchel et al , ); with loss of cohesion in cases of group. “An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict”. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Monterey, CA. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations ( pp.
Psychology of intergroup relations
Social groups and identities: Developing the legacy of Henri Tajfel. Professor John Turner began as a research associate working for Tajfel at Bristol University and they worked together over many years. Rather than repeat what has been said about Tajfel in these many sources, I thought it would be illuminating to see what Tajfel chose to write as his own biography inthe year before his death.
Born 22 June in Poland. Educated in several European countries.
Prisoner-of-war in Germany June — May In the first few years after the war, working in various European countries for international organisations concerned with the rehabilitation of children and adults, victims of war. First degree and Ph.Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination via Intergroup Contact
Fellow of the British Psychological Society. Co-author and editor of several books in social psychology and publications in a variety of psychological journals in Britain, U. His prodigious output did not stop with issues of social psychology and where he felt newspapers or even the school curriculum was biased against matters dear to his heart such as the coverage of Israel, he would take up his pen and begin a lengthy correspondence.
Henri Tajfel died at the relatively young age of 62, and given the amount of work that he had demonstrated that he could tackle and that he was still planning to get through in earlyit can only be imagined how much more he would have been able to contribute to the field of social psychology had he lived for just a few years longer.
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The boys in these groups then competed with each other and elicited hostile outgroup beliefs until a superordinate, cooperative goal was imposed that required the groups to work together resulted in decreased feelings of hostility.
Social identity approachSelf-categorization theoryand Social identity theory In the s and 80s, Henri Tajfel and John Turner proposed two connected theories of social identity, self-categorization theory and social identity theorythat together form a method for understanding the psychological processes underlying how individuals make sense of their identities and group membership.
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- Catalog Record: Psychology of intergroup relations | Hathi Trust Digital Library
Researchers have focused on developing theoretical frameworks for understanding how to effectively reduce intergroup conflict and prejudice. The intervention resulted in reduced implicit bias up to two months after the intervention was administered. Increasingly, more researchers are exploring the effects of how the intersection of identities affect individual and group psychological processes.
Effectively managing teams and group identities in the workplace   Understanding the psychological processes behind political and ideological polarization   Further studying cross-cultural communication   Notable Figures [ edit ] Main article: Kurt Lewin Kurt Lewin is considered to be one of the founding fathers of social psychology and made major contributions to psychological research.
The theory behind this formula, which emphasizes that context shapes behavior in conjunction with an individual's motivations and beliefs, is a cornerstone of social psychological research. Gordon Allport The American social psychologist Gordon Allport is considered to be one of the pioneers of the psychological study of intergroup relations.
Especially influential is Allport's book The Nature of Prejudicewhich proposed the contact hypothesis and has provided a foundation for research on prejudice and discrimination since the mids.
Muzafer Sherif and Carolyn Sherif Muzafer Sherif and Carolyn Wood Sherif performed multiple notable experiments on the subject in the midth century including the Robbers Cave experiments ; these experiments formed the basis for realistic conflict theory. Solomon Asch Solomon Asch's work on conformity in the s also helped shape the study of intergroup relations by exploring how the social pressures of group membership influence individuals to adhere their behavior, attitudes, and beliefs to group norms.
Henri Tajfel and John Turner psychologist British psychologists Henri Tajfel and John Turner developed social identity theory and later self-categorization theorypioneering the social identity approach in psychology in the s and 80s.